World Heritage Photos

Old City of Salamanca

Old City of Salamanca: Salamanca is famous for its university. The University of Salamanca is one of the oldest universities in Europe and the oldest university in Spain. The university was founded by King Alfonso IX in 1218. In 1224, it was one of the four great universities in the world along with the universities of Oxford, Paris and Bologna. The university has strongly influenced the history of Salamanca. Well known people have studied at the University of Salamanca such as Christopher Columbus and Miguel de Cervantes. The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses collections of decorative art. La Plaza Mayor is the heart of the Old City of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is a Roman bridge crossing the Tormes River, the history of the bridge is connected to the city of Salamanca. The Roman bridge was part of the Ruta de la Plata, the Silver Route, an ancient road that runs from Mérida in the south to Astorga in the north. Salamanca is known as La Dorade, the Golden City, because of the golden glow of its sandstone buildings. Salamanca is located about 200 km west of Madrid and 80 km east of the border with Portugal. The Old City of Salamanca became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1988.

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Old City of Salamanca - The Puente Mayor del Tormes, in the background the New Cathedral of the city of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is...

The Puente Mayor del Tormes, in the background the New Cathedral of the city of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is a Roman bridge crossing the Tormes River. The Roman bridge is a symbol of Salamanca, the bridge dates back to the first century AD. Salamanca is famous for its university, it has had a major influence on the history of the city. The University of Salamanca is the oldest university in Spain. The Old City of Salamanca is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  1. Old City of Salamanca - The Puente Mayor del Tormes, in the background the New Cathedral of the city of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is...

    The Puente Mayor del Tormes, in the background the New Cathedral of the city of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is a Roman bridge crossing the Tormes River. The Roman bridge is a symbol of Salamanca, the bridge dates back to the first century AD. Salamanca is famous for its university, it has had a major influence on the history of the city. The University of Salamanca is the oldest university in Spain. The Old City of Salamanca is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  2. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The City Hall on the Plaza Mayor, the main square in Salamanca, the City Hall was built in the Baroque style, the...

    Old City of Salamanca: The City Hall on the Plaza Mayor, the main square in Salamanca, the City Hall was built in the Baroque style, the building has five granite arches and a typical Spanish bell tower. The Plaza Mayor was constructed between 1729 and 1775, the large square was used for bullfighting until the middle of the 19th century. Today, the Plaza Mayor is the most important urban space in the Old City of Salamanca. The Plaza Mayor is surrounded by Baroque arcades.

  3. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Patio de las Escuelas, the square in front of the historic University of Salamanca. In the centre of the...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Patio de las Escuelas, the square in front of the historic University of Salamanca. In the centre of the square stands a statue of the Augustinian friar, theologian and lyric poet Fray Luis de Leon, the most renowned professor of the University of Salamanca. The University of Salamanca has strongly influenced the history of Salamanca. Salamanca is known as La Dorade, the Golden City, because of the warm golden glow of the sandstone buildings.

  4. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The lecture hall of Fray Luis de León in the University of Salamanca. In the middle of a lecture,...

    Old City of Salamanca: The lecture hall of Fray Luis de León in the University of Salamanca. In the middle of a lecture, professor Luis de León was arrested by the Inquisition and imprisoned for translating the Biblical Song of Songs into Spanish, which was forbidden at the time. In 1577, he returned to his lecture hall after five years as a prisoner of the Inquisition and he started his first lecture with the famous phrase 'Dicebamus hesterna die', As we were saying yesterday........

  5. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Paraninfo or the Great Hall is the auditorium of the old University of Salamanca. The University is the oldest...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Paraninfo or the Great Hall is the auditorium of the old University of Salamanca. The University is the oldest university of Spain. The university was founded by King Alfonso IX  of León in 1218. In 1224, it was one of the four great universities in the world, along with the universities of Oxford, Paris and Bologna. Many well known people have studied at the University of Salamanca such as Miguel de Cervantes and Christopher Columbus.

  6. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The chapel of the University of Salamanca was built between 1761 and 1767. The enormous altarpiece is...

    Old City of Salamanca: The chapel of the University of Salamanca was built between 1761 and 1767. The enormous altarpiece is embellished with several paintings and white and pink marble, inlaid with bronze ornaments. The walls are covered with red velvet curtains. In March 1856, the mortal remains of Fray Luis de León, the most famous professor of the University of Salamanca, were interred in the chapel, the tomb of Luis de León is situated on the right side of the chapel.

  7. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Art Nouveau and Art Deco Museum is also known as the Casa Lis. The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Art Nouveau and Art Deco Museum is also known as the Casa Lis. The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses collections of decorative art dating from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The museum houses about 2,500 art works, such as porcelain dolls, glass work, ivory and gold statues, furniture, jewels, toys, paintings and a Fabergé egg. The mansion was built for Miguel de Lis in 1905 and became a museum in 1981.