World Heritage Photos

Old City of Salamanca

Old City of Salamanca: Salamanca is famous for its university. The University of Salamanca is one of the oldest universities in Europe and the oldest university in Spain. The university was founded by King Alfonso IX in 1218. In 1224 it was one of the four great universities in the world along with the universities of Oxford, Paris and Bologna. The university has strongly influenced the history of Salamanca. Well known people have studied at the University of Salamanca, like Christopher Columbus and Miguel de Cervantes. The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses collections of decorative art. La Plaza Mayor is the heart of the Old City of Salamanca. The Puente Mayor del Tormes is a Roman bridge crossing the Tormes River, the history of the bridge is connected to the City of Salamanca. The Roman bridge was part of the Ruta de la Plata, the Silver Route, an ancient road that runs from Mérida in the south to Astorga in the north. Salamanca is known as La Dorade, the Golden City, because of the golden glow of its sandstone buildings. Salamanca is located about 200 km west of Madrid and 80 km east of the border with Portugal. The Old City of Salamanca became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1988.

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Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Roman bridge of Salamanca, in the background the Cathedral of Salamanca. The Roman bridge is also known as...

Old City of Salamanca: The Roman bridge of Salamanca, in the background the Cathedral of

Salamanca. The Roman bridge is also known as Puente Mayor del Tormes. Puente Mayor del

Tormes is a symbol of the City of Salamanca, the Roman bridge of Salamanca dates back to

the 1st century AD. Salamanca is famous for its university, the University of Salamanca is one

of the oldest universities in Europe. The Old City of Salamanca is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  1. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Roman bridge of Salamanca, in the background the Cathedral of Salamanca. The Roman bridge is also known as...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Roman bridge of Salamanca, in the background the Cathedral of

    Salamanca. The Roman bridge is also known as Puente Mayor del Tormes. Puente Mayor del

    Tormes is a symbol of the City of Salamanca, the Roman bridge of Salamanca dates back to

    the 1st century AD. Salamanca is famous for its university, the University of Salamanca is one

    of the oldest universities in Europe. The Old City of Salamanca is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  2. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The City Hall on the Plaza Mayor, the main square in Salamanca. The City Hall was built in the Baroque style, it...

    Old City of Salamanca: The City Hall on the Plaza Mayor, the main square in Salamanca.

    The City Hall was built in the Baroque style, it has five granite arches and a typical Spanish

    bell tower. The Plaza Mayor was constructed in 1729-1775, it was used for bullfighting until

    the middle of the 19th century. Now, the Plaza Mayor is the most important urban space in

    the Old City of Salamanca. The Baroque Plaza Mayor is surrounded by arcades.

  3. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Patio de las Escuelas is the square in front of the University of Salamanca. In the centre of the...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Patio de las Escuelas is the square in front of the University of

    Salamanca. In the centre of the square stands a statue of the Augustinian friar, theologian 

    and lyric poet Fray Luis de Leon, the most famous professor of the University of Salamanca.

    The University of Salamanca has strongly influenced the history of Salamanca. Salamanca is

    known as La Dorade, the Golden City, because of the golden glow of the sandstone buildings.

  4. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The lecture hall of Fray Luis de León in the University of Salamanca. In the middle of a lecture, Luis de...

    Old City of Salamanca: The lecture hall of Fray Luis de León in the University of Salamanca.

    In the middle of a lecture, Luis de León was arrested by the Inquisition, he was imprisoned for

    translating the Biblical Song of Songs into Spanish, which was forbidden at that time. In 1577,

    he returned to the lecture hall and began his first lecture, after five years as a prisoner of the

    Inquisition, with the famous phrase 'Dicebamus hesterna die', As we were saying yesterday.....

  5. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Paraninfo, the Great Hall of the old University of Salamanca. The University of Salamanca is the oldest university...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Paraninfo, the Great Hall of the old University of Salamanca.

    The University of Salamanca is the oldest university of Spain. The university was founded by

    King Alfonso IX in 1218. In 1224, it was one of the four great universities in the world, along

    with the university of Oxford, Paris and Bologna. Many well known people have studied at

    the University of Salamanca, like Miguel de Cervantes and Christopher Columbus.

  6. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The chapel of the old University of Salamanca was built in the period 1761-1767. The altarpiece is adorned...

    Old City of Salamanca: The chapel of the old University of Salamanca was built in the period

    1761-1767. The altarpiece is adorned with several paintings and with white and pink marble,

    inlaid with bronze ornaments. The walls are covered with red velvet curtains. In March 1856,

    the remains of Fray Luis de Leon, the most famous professor of the University of Salamanca,

    were interred in the chapel, his tomb is situated on the right hand side of the chapel.

  7. Old City of Salamanca - Old City of Salamanca: The Art Nouveau and Art Deco Museum is also known as Casa Lis. The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses...

    Old City of Salamanca: The Art Nouveau and Art Deco Museum is also known as Casa Lis.

    The Art Nouveau and Art deco Museum houses collections of decorative art dating from the

    end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The museum houses about 2,500

    art works, such as porcelain dolls, glass work, ivory and gold statues, furniture, jewels, toys

     and paintings. The Art Nouveau and Art Deco Museum of Salamanca was built in 1905.