World Heritage Photos

Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout

Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The windmills are characteristic of the landscape of the Netherlands and a symbol of the Dutch struggle against the water. For centuries, windmills made it possible to keep the Dutch polders dry in wet seasons or keep agricultural fields wet in dry seasons and during wartime, the polders could be flooded to create a defence line. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is an outstanding man-made landscape in the Netherlands. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk was built in the period 1738-1740 to drain the Alblasserwaard polder. More than 150 windmills were used to drain the Alblasserwaard polder and prevent the land from flooding. The water was pumped into the drainage canals, the canals carried the water into the River Lek. Nowadays, the Mill Network at Kinderdijk consists of 19 monumental mills. Windmills were used to drain the Dutch polders, in the late 19th century, the windmills were replaced by steam pumping stations. All the mills of Kinderdijk are still maintained in operating condition and function as fall-back mills in case of failure of the modern pumping station. The J.U. Smit Pumping Station at Kinderdijk can pump ca. 1300 m³ of water per minute. The largest steam-driven pumping station in the world is located in the Netherlands. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

www.werelderfgoedfotos.nl   © Copyright   World Heritage Photos

Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - Dark clouds looming over the nineteen windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was built to drain the...

Dark clouds looming over the nineteen windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was built to drain the Alblasserwaard polders. The system to drain the polders and preventing it from floods was used for several centuries at Kinderdijk and other polders and low-lying parts in the Metherlands. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  1. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - Dark clouds looming over the nineteen windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was built to drain the...

    Dark clouds looming over the nineteen windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was built to drain the Alblasserwaard polders. The system to drain the polders and preventing it from floods was used for several centuries at Kinderdijk and other polders and low-lying parts in the Metherlands. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  2. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is unique in the world, nowhere else in the world is a monument like this. For centuries, windmills made it...

    The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is unique in the world, nowhere else in the world is a monument like this. For centuries, windmills made it possible to keep the polders dry in wet seasons or keep agricultural fields wet in dry seasons. The nineteen historic windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout give an amazing impression of how polders were drained and floods were prevented in the Netherlands.

  3. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout at dusk. The windmills at Kinderdijk are the most famous windmills in the Netherlands. There are over a...

    The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout at dusk. The windmills at Kinderdijk are the most famous windmills in the Netherlands. There are over a thousand windmills throughout the Netherlands. The windmills were used to drain the lakes and swamps and prevent the land from flooding. The windmills are characteristic of the landscape of the Netherlands and a symbol of the Dutch struggle against the water.

  4. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout consists of a system of waterways, catch-water basins and mills that jointly drain the Alblasserwaard...

    The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout consists of a system of waterways, catch-water basins and mills that jointly drain the Alblasserwaard polder into the River Lek. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was built in the period 1738-1740. The landscape around the mills is still in its original state. The open area around the windmills is necessary to make good use of the wind. The windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout rank among the most famous windmills in the world.

  5. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is surrounded by water and reeds. The windmill is a symbol of the Netherlands and their fight...

    The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is surrounded by water and reeds. The windmill is a symbol of the Netherlands and their fight against the sea. In the late 19th century, the windmills were replaced by steam driven pumping stations. Today, there are about 1200 windmills left in the Netherlands, among them are drainage mills, corn mills and paper mills (Zaandam). The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  6. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The Nederwaard windmill no. 2 is open to the public. In the 18th century, more than 9000 windmills...

    Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The Nederwaard windmill no. 2 is open to the public. In the 18th century, more than 9000 windmills were used to drain the Dutch polders and the low-lying areas, the decline of the windmill started with the invention of the steam power. The windmills were replaced by steam pumping stations. Today, modern diesel and electric pumping stations are used to drain the Dutch polders.

  7. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The scoop wheel inside the Nederwaard no. 2 windmill. The scoop wheel was driven by the sails and used to pump...

    Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The scoop wheel inside the Nederwaard no. 2 windmill. The scoop wheel was driven by the sails and used to pump water from the polder into the drainage canals. A mechanism transferred the rotary motion of the sails to the scoop wheel. Nowadays, the Alblasserwaard polder is drained by modern forms of engineering, but the nineteen historic windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout are still in working condition. 

  8. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - A windmill mirroring on the water surface. A footpath along the canal offers amazing views of the 19 monumental windmills at...

    A windmill mirroring on the water surface. A footpath along the canal offers amazing views of the 19 monumental windmills at Kinderdijk-Elshout. The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout is an outstanding man-made landscape in the Netherlands. The most characteristic features of this scenic landscape are the windmills. Without dikes and drainage windmills, more than half of the Netherlands would be flooded by high tide and in every wet season.

  9. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: In the 8th century, the Dutch began to build dikes to protect themselves and their land against the sea....

    The Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: In the 8th century, the Dutch began to build dikes to protect themselves and their land against the sea. In the 15th century, the Dutch began to build dikes and drainage canals to create more farmland, the reclaimed land (polders) were drained by windmills, the water was pumped into drainage canals by windmills, the canals enabled the water to flow seaward.

  10. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The wooden cap or roof can rotate on the top of the stone tower, this construction makes it possible to bring...

    Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout: The wooden cap or roof can rotate on the top of the stone tower, this construction makes it possible to bring the sails into the wind. A windmill was also the home of the miller and his family. A miller also used the sails of his windmill to announce an event, such as the birth of a child. Every position of the sails has its own meaning, such as joy or mourning. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  11. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout - The J.U.Smit Pumping Station at Kinderdijk replaced on older pumping station in 1972 and was expanded in 2005. The modern The J.U.Smit...

    The J.U.Smit Pumping Station at Kinderdijk replaced on older pumping station in 1972 and was expanded in 2005. The modern The J.U.Smit Pumping Station was built at Kinderdijk to drain the Alblasserwaard Polder. The three screws are driven by diesel machines. Nowadays, the screws are computer-guided. This modern pumping station at Kinderdijk can pump about 1.300 m³ of water per minute.