World Heritage Photos

Wouda Steam Pumping Station

Wouda Steam Pumping Station: For centuries, the Dutch polders were drained by windmills. In the 19th century, the Dutch started to replace the windmills by steam pumping stations. In the beginning of the 20th century, there were about 600 steam pumping stations in operation across the Netherlands. Today, the steam pumping stations are replaced by modern diesel and electric pumping station. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station was built in 1920 and is the largest steam-driven pumping station still operating in the world. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station (Woudagemaal) is located in Lemmer. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station was built to prevent a large part of Friesland from flooding in times of extreme rainfall. The building was constructed in the style of the Amsterdam School Architecture. The machine hall houses four steam machines. The four steam machines and flywheels drive eight pumps, these pumps can move four million litres of water per minute from the polders. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is still in working condition and is a symbol of the Age of Steam and water management in the Netherlands. The Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.

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Wouda Steam Pumping Station - The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is the largest steam-pumping station ever built and is still in working condition. The Wouda Steam Pumping...

The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is the largest steam-pumping station ever built and

is still in working condition. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is located on the banks

of Lake IJsselmeer, just outside Lemmer, a small town in the province of Friesland, a

historical region in the northern part of the Netherlands. The Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal, the

D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station, was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.

  1. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is the largest steam-pumping station ever built and is still in working condition. The Wouda Steam Pumping...

    The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is the largest steam-pumping station ever built and

    is still in working condition. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station is located on the banks

    of Lake IJsselmeer, just outside Lemmer, a small town in the province of Friesland, a

    historical region in the northern part of the Netherlands. The Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal, the

    D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station, was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.

  2. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - In the Netherlands, for several centuries windmills were used to drain the Dutch polders, in the 19th century, the windmills were...

    In the Netherlands, for several centuries windmills were used to drain the Dutch polders,

    in the 19th century, the windmills were replaced by steam pumping stations. The Wouda

    Steam Pumping Station is the largest steam-driven pumping station in the world that is still

    in operation. The steam pumping station was built to prevent a large part of Friesland from

    flooding in times of extreme rainfall. It opened in 1920.

  3. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - The large engine hall of the Wouda Steam Pumping Station, on the left the office of the chief engineer. The steam pumping station is...

    The large engine hall of the Wouda Steam Pumping Station, on the left the office of the

    chief engineer. The steam pumping station is still fully operational. The steam pumping

    station is still used under extreme weather conditions, when the J.L. Hooglandgemaal, 

    a modern electric pumping station in Stavoren, has reached its capacity, this happens

    several times each year.

  4. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - Wouda Steam Pumping Station: The huge machine hall houses four steam machines. The four steam machines and flywheels drive eight...

    Wouda Steam Pumping Station: The huge machine hall houses four steam machines.

    The four steam machines and flywheels drive eight pumps, these pumps can move

    four million litres of water per minute from the boezem. A boezem is a drainage basin

    or a system of drainage canals and rivers. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station pumps

    the water from the Frisian boezem into Lake IJsselmeer.

  5. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - Wouda Steam Pumping Station: One of the steam machines in the machine hall. Friesland has about 800 polder pumps, they pump the...

    Wouda Steam Pumping Station: One of the steam machines in the machine hall.

    Friesland has about 800 polder pumps, they pump the water from the polders into

    the boezem, (drainage basin). Large pumping stations are used to pump the water

    from the boezem into the sea. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station pumps the water

    from the boezem into Lake IJsselmeer which is connected to the Wadden Sea.

  6. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F.Wouda Steam Pumping Station): Copper oil cans used to lubricate the machinery. The pumping station is well...

    Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F.Wouda Steam Pumping Station): Copper oil cans used to lubricate

    the machinery. The pumping station is well maintained, because it is still in working condition.

    The well-oiled machines in the engine hall runs like clockwork. The Dutch word for pumping

    station is 'gemaal'. The Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) gained the

    status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.

  7. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - Wouda Steam Pumping Station: One of the steam engines running, the steam machines are connected to powerful flywheels. The steam...

    Wouda Steam Pumping Station: One of the steam engines running, the steam machines

    are connected to powerful flywheels. The steam machines and pumps were produced by the

    Dutch Machine Factory Jaffa in Utrecht. The Wouda Steam Pumping Station was opened by

    Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands in 1920. The Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F.Wouda Steam

    Pumping Station) was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1998.

  8. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station: Nowadays, four huge heavy fuel oil boilers produce the steam, the steam provides the energy to...

    D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station: Nowadays, four huge heavy fuel oil boilers produce

    the steam, the steam provides the energy to power the steam machines. Once, the boiler

    house of the Wouda Steam Pumping Station contained six boilers to produce the steam.

    In 1967, after running on coal for 47 years, the six boilers were replaced by four boilers

    running on heavy fuel oil.

  9. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - A powerful autumn storm approaches the Wouda Steam Pumping Station. During wet seasons, pumping stations pump the water from the polders...

    A powerful autumn storm approaches the Wouda Steam Pumping Station.

    During wet seasons, pumping stations pump the water from the polders into the boezem,

    (drainage basin), the boezem is also used to store water temporarily, during dry seasons

    the water is pumped from the boezem into the polders for irrigation purposes. In 2917, the

    poplar trees bordering the canal have been cut down and replaced by elm trees.

  10. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station: The building was constructed in the style of the Amsterdam School Architecture, an important Dutch...

    D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station: The building was constructed in the style of the

    Amsterdam School Architecture, an important Dutch architectural movement in the period

    1915-1940. The Amsterdam School is characterized by brick constructions, elaborate and

    decorative masonry, ladder windows and art glass work. Inside the steam pumping station,

    the walls of the engine hall are beautiful tiled.

  11. Wouda Steam Pumping Station - Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F.Wouda Steam Pumping Station): A photo collage in the Wouda Steam Pumping Station visitor centre. Most of the photos...

    Ir.D.F.Woudagemaal (D.F.Wouda Steam Pumping Station): A photo collage in the Wouda

    Steam Pumping Station visitor centre. Most of the photos used in this collage were made

    by Albertine Slotboom. All the photos in the collage show several UNESCO World Heritage

    Sites. The modern visitor centre was built next to the pumping station in 2011. The Wouda

    Steam Pumping Station was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1998.