World Heritage Photos

Schokland and Surroundings

Schokland and Surroundings: In prehistoric times Schokland was part of the mainland. At the end of the Middle Ages Schokland became an island, partly due to human intervention and the rising sea level. The island of Schokland was to low for habitation, the people lived on three dwelling mounds: Emmeloord, Middelbuurt and Zuidert. The low island of Schokland was frequently damaged by storms and floods. During severe storms people were not even safe on top of the dwelling mounds. The Government of the Netherlands ordered the evacuation of the residents of Schokland in 1859. In 1942 the surrounding sea was reclaimed and drained as a polder, the Noordoostpolder. Schokland became part of the mainland again. Nowadays, Schokland is an archaeological site and open air museum. For centuries, the people of the Netherlands are building dikes to protect their land against the sea and creating polders to provide more farmland. The Noordoostpolder is one of the more than three thousand Dutch polders. Schokland and Surroundings became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1995.

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Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk is located on a dwelling mound (terp). The island of Schokland was to low for habitation,...

Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk is located on a dwelling mound (terp).

The island of Schokland was to low for habitation, people lived on three dwelling mounds:

Emmeloord, Middelbuurt and Zuidert. The low island of Schokland was frequently damaged

by storms and floods. During severe storms people were not even safe on the dwelling

mounds. In 1859 the Government ordered the evacuation of the residents of Schokland.

  1. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk is located on a dwelling mound (terp). The island of Schokland was to low for habitation,...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk is located on a dwelling mound (terp).

    The island of Schokland was to low for habitation, people lived on three dwelling mounds:

    Emmeloord, Middelbuurt and Zuidert. The low island of Schokland was frequently damaged

    by storms and floods. During severe storms people were not even safe on the dwelling

    mounds. In 1859 the Government ordered the evacuation of the residents of Schokland.

  2. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The oldest building on the former island of Schokland is located at Middelbuurt. The barn...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The oldest building on the former island of Schokland is

    located at Middelbuurt. The barn houses the ice boat, a boat fitted with runners (skates),

    but without a sail. During the winter, when the sea was frozen, the boat was pushed over

    the ice to the mainland to purchase food supplies. The boat was also used to transport ill

    people to the hospital on the mainland.

  3. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: A water well and a small wooden house in Middelbuurt. Middelbuurt was a small fishers village. In prehistoric...

    Schokland and Surroundings: A water well and a small wooden house in Middelbuurt.

    Middelbuurt was a small fishers village. In prehistoric times, Schokland was part of the

    mainland. In the Middle Stone Age, Schokland was already inhabited by farmers and

    fishers. At the end of the Middle Ages, Schokland became an island due to the rising

    sea level and erosion. 

  4. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The cannon was used as a warning system in case of high water. Two warning shots were fired in case of high...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The cannon was used as a warning system in case of high

    water. Two warning shots were fired in case of high water, three warning shots, the water

    level reaches the top of the dike, four warning shots meant a dike breach. For centuries, the

    inhabitants of the island struggled against the sea and to survive the harsh living conditions.

    Nowadays, the former island is a symbol of the traditional Dutch struggle against the sea.

  5. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk (Water Management Church). The Waterstaatskerk was designed and built by the engineers of the...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk (Water Management Church).

    The Waterstaatskerk was designed and built by the engineers of the Dutch Water

    Management, Rijkswaterstaat. The church was built in 1834 and is surrounded by

    the small wooden houses of the Middelbuurt. Middelbuurt is nowadays a museum.

    Schokland and Surroundings became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. 

  6. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The church of Ens dates back to 1300, only the base remains. The low island of Schokland was frequently damaged...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The church of Ens dates back to 1300, only the base remains.

    The low island of Schokland was frequently damaged by storms and floods. The church of

    Ens was destroyed by the major storm flood of 1825. Now, the church is a burial monument.

    The ruins of the church of Ens are located at the Zuidpunt, the South Point of Schokland.

    Today, Schokland is an unique cultural and historical monument.

  7. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: Schokland was an important orientation point for seafarers on the Zuiderzee. The...

    Schokland and Surroundings: Schokland was an important orientation point for seafarers

    on the Zuiderzee. The lighthouse at Zuidpunt (South Point) was located on a crucial point

    in the IJsseldelta. The lighthouse at the Zuidpunt was completely destroyed by the storm

    flood of 1825. Nowadays, the foundation lies in the middle of the polder. The foundation

    of the lighthouse is a reconstruction.

  8. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The lighthouse, the house of the lighthouse keeper and the office of the harbour master, called the Misthoorn...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The lighthouse, the house of the lighthouse keeper and the

    office of the harbour master, called the Misthoorn (Foghorn). De Misthoorn once housed a

    foghorn, the sound was used to warn ships in foggy weather. The buildings are situated on 

    the former harbourside of the artificial dwelling mound Emmeloord. Emmeloord is located

     at the North Point of Schokland. Now, the former harbour lies in the middle of the polder.

  9. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from te sea in 1942. The first years after the reclamation, the polder was wild...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from te sea in 1942.

    The first years after the reclamation, the polder was wild reedland. During World War II,

    the Noordoostpolder offered shelter to the Dutch resistance fighters against the nazi

    occupation of the Netherlands and a hiding place for Jews trying to escape the nazi's.

    Schokland and Surroundings gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1995.  

  10. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The harbour of Old Emmeloord is located at the North Point. When Schokland was still an island, the paths...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The harbour of Old Emmeloord is located at the North Point.

    When Schokland was still an island, the paths connecting the dwelling mounds were often

    flooded, so wooden walkways were constructed. The low parts of the island of Schokland

    were to low and boggy to be inhabited. Schokland and Surroundings gained the status as

    an UNESCO World Heritage in 1995.

  11. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Geo-garden, the Gesteentetuin. After the draining of the Noordoostpolder, one of the more than three...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The Geo-garden, the Gesteentetuin.

    After the draining of the Noordoostpolder, one of the more than three thousand Dutch

    polders, a great number of boulders were found. The boulders from Scandinavia were

    brought here during the Ice Ages by the huge ice flows. Nowadays, the former island of

    Schokland is an archaeological site and an open air museum.

  12. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: Several boulders in the Geo-garden, the Gesteentetuin. The Gesteentetuin is a geological...

    Schokland and Surroundings: Several boulders in the Geo-garden, the Gesteentetuin.

    The Gesteentetuin is a geological garden, located in the Schokkerbos, a varied forest

    area. Stones from Scandinavia were brought here during the Ice Ages by the ice flows.

    The Schokkerbos is located nearby the former island of Schokland. Schokland is also

    an archaeological site, the archaeological finds are exhibited in the Schokland Museum.

  13. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk (Water Management Church). The former island of Schokland is still visible as a slightly...

    Schokland and Surroundings: The Waterstaatskerk (Water Management Church).

    The former island of Schokland is still visible as a slightly raised area in the North East

    Polder, the Noordoostpolder. The Waterstaatskerk was built with the financial support

    of the Dutch Ministry of Water Management. The church was designed and built under

    the supervision of the engineers of the Dutch Water Management.

  14. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: Until the 17th century, there was enough suitable soil for farming and cattle breeding. Storms and floods...

    Schokland and Surroundings: Until the 17th century, there was enough suitable soil for

    farming and cattle breeding. Storms and floods caused severe damage to the island of

    Schokland, it lost their farmland to the sea. The surrounding sea was reclaimed in 1942.

    The island of Schokland became part of the Noordoostpolder and is safe behind the dikes.

    Nowadays, Lakenvelders, Dutch Belted Cattle, are grazing in the Dutch Noordoostpolder.

  15. Schokland and Surroundings - Schokland and Surroundings: In prehistoric times Schokland was part of the mainland. At the end of the Middle Ages Schokland became an...

    Schokland and Surroundings: In prehistoric times Schokland was part of the

    mainland. At the end of the Middle Ages Schokland became an island, partly due

    to human intervention and the rising sea level. In 1942 the surrounding sea was

    reclaimed and drained as a polder, the Noordoostpolder. Schokland became

    part of the mainland again. Schokland became an island in the Noordoostpolder.