World Heritage Photos

Fortress of Suomenlinna

The Fortress of Suomenlinna is located on a group of islands off the coast near Helsinki in Finland. Suomenlinna was built as a maritime fortress in the 18th century, when Suomenlinna was ruled by Sweden. The original plan of Suomenlinna was strongly influenced by the ideas of Vauban. The construction of the Fortress of Suomenlinna started in 1748. The King's Gate was built in 1753-1754 as the ceremonial gateway to the fortress. The dry dock of Suomenlinna was at the time of its completion the biggest in the world. Suomenlinna was a maritime fortress, a garrison town and a base for archipelago navy. The Fortress of Suomenlinna fell under Russian rule in the 19th century. The guns facing west are a reminder of this period. Kustaanmiekka isle offers splendid views of the original bastion fortress and the defense line of the coast. The Suomenlinna Church was built as a Russian Orthodox Church in 1854. In the 1920s, during the early days of the independence of Finland, the church was converted into an Evangelical-Lutheran Church. Today, only the Naval Academy of Finland is located on Suomenlinna. The Fortress of Suomenlinna is only accessible by water. The ferry trip from Helsinki Kauppatori (Market Square and Market Hall) to the Fortress of Suomenlinna takes about 15 minutes. There are guided tours, but it is also possible to explore Suomenlinna on your own. The Fortress of Suomenlinna gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1991. World Heritage Art: Suomenlinna Ramparts.

www.werelderfgoedfotos.nl   © Copyright   World Heritage Photos

Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The ramparts of Suomenlinna were constructed in the 18th century. Most of the fortifications are still intact. The...

Fortress of Suomenlinna: The ramparts of Suomenlinna were constructed in the 18th century. Most of the fortifications are still intact. The King's Gate was built in 1753-1754 as a ceremonial gateway into the Fortress of Suomenlinna. The dry dock of Suomenlinna was at the time of its completion the biggest in the world. The Fortress of Suomenlinna was built on six islands. The Kustaanmiekka Isle offers views of the defense line of the coast.

  1. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The ramparts of Suomenlinna were constructed in the 18th century. Most of the fortifications are still intact. The...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The ramparts of Suomenlinna were constructed in the 18th century. Most of the fortifications are still intact. The King's Gate was built in 1753-1754 as a ceremonial gateway into the Fortress of Suomenlinna. The dry dock of Suomenlinna was at the time of its completion the biggest in the world. The Fortress of Suomenlinna was built on six islands. The Kustaanmiekka Isle offers views of the defense line of the coast.

  2. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The harbour of Suomenlinna. The Fortress of Suomenlinna is located on a group of islands off the coast nearby...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The harbour of Suomenlinna. The Fortress of Suomenlinna is located on a group of islands off the coast nearby Helsinki in Finland. The construction of Suomenlinna started in 1748. The fortress is a good example of the European military architecture in the 18th century. Suomenlinna is a historic maritime fortress, a garrison town and a base for archipelago navy.

  3. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The guns facing west are a reminder of the period under Russian rule in the period 1808-1918. The fortress fell into...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The guns facing west are a reminder of the period under Russian rule in the period 1808-1918. The fortress fell into decline in the 19th century. During the Crimean War, a combined Anglo-French fleet bombarded the Fortress of Suomenlinna, it was severely damaged. In the late 19th century and in the beginning of the 20th century, Suomenlinna was restored, but the fortress lost its importance and was just one of the many Russian fortresses.

  4. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The Suomenlinna Church was built as a Russian Orthodox Church in 1854. The original building had five onion shaped...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The Suomenlinna Church was built as a Russian Orthodox Church in 1854. The original building had five onion shaped domes. In the 1920s, during the early days of the independence of Finland, it was converted into an Evangelical-Lutheran Church. Also in the 1920s, the union shaped domes were removed and a lighthouse was built in the church tower. The Fortress of Suomenlinna gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1991.

  5. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The submarine Vesikko was ordered by Germany, it was designed in the Netherlands and built in Finland in 1933. In this...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The submarine Vesikko was ordered by Germany, it was designed in the Netherlands and built in Finland in 1933. In this way, Germany tried to escape the peace terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the peace settlement after the First World War. In the treaty, Germany was not allowed to have submarines, tanks or an air force. Later, Finland bought the submarine.

  6. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The submarine Vesikko was used in the Second World War. Together with four other Finnish submarines, Vesikko...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The submarine Vesikko was used in the Second World War. Together with four other Finnish submarines, Vesikko operated in the Gulf of Finland in the period 1939-1944. Today, Vesikko is one of the main attractions in Suomenlinna. After restoration, Vesikko was opened to public as a submarine museum in 1973.

  7. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: The uncomfortable small interior of the submarine Vessiko, about twenty crew members worked here dozens of metres below...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: The uncomfortable small interior of the submarine Vessiko, about twenty crew members worked here dozens of metres below sea surface. Finland bought the submarine from Germany in 1936, it was named Vesikko, the fifth and last submarine of the Finish Navy. Vesikko was the prototype for the German Type II U-boats.

  8. Fortress of Suomenlinna - Fortress of Suomenlinna: After the Second World War, in the Paris Peace Treaty of 1947, Finland was forbidden to have submarines. In 1953 all...

    Fortress of Suomenlinna: After the Second World War, in the Paris Peace Treaty of 1947, Finland was forbidden to have submarines. In 1953 all of them were sold for scrap to Belgium, except Vesikko. The submarine Vesikko was transported in parts to the Fortress of Suomenlinna and reconstructed. The Fortress of Suomenlinna was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1991.

  9. Fortress of Suomenlinna - The original design of the bastion fortress was strongly influenced by the ideas of Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, a French military...

    The original design of the bastion fortress was strongly influenced by the ideas of Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, a French military engineer. There are guided tours, but it is also possible to explore the Fortress of Suomenlinna on your own. The Fortress of Suomenlinna gained the status of an UNESCO World Heritage in 1991.

  10. Fortress of Suomenlinna - The Suomenlinna ferry in the harbour of Helsinki in front of the Helsinki Kauppatori. The Fortress of Suomenlinna is only accessible by water. The...

    The Suomenlinna ferry in the harbour of Helsinki in front of the Helsinki Kauppatori. The Fortress of Suomenlinna is only accessible by water. The ferry trip from the Helsinki Kauppatori, the Market Square and Market Hall, to the Fortress of Suomenlinna takes about 15 minutes. The Fortress of Suomenlinna was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991.