World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of Tallinn

Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Tallinn is the capital city of Estonia. The history of Tallinn dates back to the 13th century. Tallinn was a Hanseatic City, situated on the banks of the Gulf of Finland. Monuments from the past have been preserved in the Historic Centre of Tallinn. The town wall of Tallinn was built in the 13th and 14th centuries. Nowadays 1.9 km of the town wall of Tallinn is still standing, including 26 defensive towers and gate towers. The Kiek in de Kök is one of towers of the Tallinn town wall, it was the most powerful cannon tower in the 15th century Baltic States. The Great Coastal Gate and Fat Margaret's Tower were built to defend Tallinn from the seaward side. There are several medieval buildings within the town walls of Tallinn. Among them Tall Hermann, a tower of the Toompea Castle on Toompea Hill. The Tallinn Dome Church is also located on Toompea Hill, it is the oldest church in Tallinn. The St. Olav's Church (Oleviste Kirik) was once the tallest building in the world. From 1941-1991 the Soviet KGB used the spire of the St. Olav's Church as a radio tower and surveillance point. The onion-domed Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is the main Russian Orthodox cathedral in Estonia. The Baltic Way was a human chain linking the three Baltic States in their drive for freedom. The Baltic Way, a 600 km long human chain from Tallinn to Vilnius, crossing Riga, was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

www.werelderfgoedfotos.nl   © Copyright   World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The town wall and cannon tower Kiek in de Kök (Peep into the Kitchen). The Kiek in de Kök was the...

Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The town wall and cannon tower Kiek in de Kök (Peep into the Kitchen). The Kiek in de Kök was the most powerful cannon tower in the 15th century Baltic region. The Kiek in de Kök is one of the formerly 46 towers of the Tallinn town wall. Nowadays, 26 towers exist. The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  1. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The town wall and cannon tower Kiek in de Kök (Peep into the Kitchen). The Kiek in de Kök was the...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The town wall and cannon tower Kiek in de Kök (Peep into the Kitchen). The Kiek in de Kök was the most powerful cannon tower in the 15th century Baltic region. The Kiek in de Kök is one of the formerly 46 towers of the Tallinn town wall. Nowadays, 26 towers exist. The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  2. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Fat Margaret's Tower was built in 1510 to defend Tallinn from the seaward side. The tower was also...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Fat Margaret's Tower was built in 1510 to defend Tallinn from the seaward side. The tower was also used as a storehouse for gunpowder and weapons. Now, the tower houses the Estonian Maritime Museum. The Great Coastal Gate is located near Fat Margaret's Tower. The Great Coastal Gate and Fat Margaret's Tower were built to defend Tallinn from the seaward side.

  3. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built in 1900 in front of the Toompea Castle. The onion-shaped dome is...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built in 1900 in front of the Toompea Castle. The onion-shaped dome is the most characteristic feature of Russian architecture. The onion-shape is similar to a candle flame which was believed to be the flame of faith reaching up to heaven. The candle flame also symbolizes the prayers of the faithful drifting up to heaven. The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is situated on Toompea Hill.

  4. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The imposing onion-domed Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The interior of the Russian Orthodox Alexander Nevsky...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The imposing onion-domed Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The interior of the Russian Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is adorned with mosaics and icons. The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is the main Russian Orthodox cathedral in Estonia. The towers houses eleven bells, including the largest bell in Tallinn. The cathedral was built during the period when Estonia was part of the Russian Empire.

  5. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Estonian Parliament House was built in 1920, the building is situated in the courtyard of the...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Estonian Parliament House was built in 1920, the building is situated in the courtyard of the Toompea Castle, in front of the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The Estonian Parliament House was built on the foundations of the eastern wing of the Toompea Castle, dating from the 13th and 14th centuries, it is is situated on Toompea Hill.

  6. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Tall Hermann's Tower (Pikk Hermann) is a defensive tower at the southwestern corner of the Toompea...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Tall Hermann's Tower (Pikk Hermann) is a defensive tower at the southwestern corner of the Toompea Castle on Toompea Hill. Tall Hermann was built in 1371. The flag on top of Tall Hermann's Tower is a symbol of the government in force, and the blue, black and white flag is the symbol of the independence of Estonia.

  7. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The 14th century Viru Väravad (Viru Gate) and the thin Town Hall Tower in the distance....

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The 14th century Viru Väravad (Viru Gate) and the thin Town Hall Tower in the distance. The Viru Gate was the main entrance to Tallinn on the east side. The Viru Gate was once part of a larger gate system. The Gothic Town Hall (Raekoja) of Tallinn was built in 1401, the Town Hall Tower (Raekoja torn) was built in 1627. It is possible to climb the tower.

  8. Historic Centre of Tallinn - The medieval town wall of Tallinn was one of the biggest and strongest fortifications in Northern Europe. Nowadays, 26 towers still exist, the...

    The medieval town wall of Tallinn was one of the biggest and strongest fortifications in Northern Europe. Nowadays, 26 towers still exist, the most important are the 15th century Kiek in de Kök (Peep into the Kitchen) and the 16th century Fat Margaret's Tower. The town wall of Tallinn is an important aspect of the UNESCO World Heritage Site: Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn.

  9. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn, Old Tallinn: The town wall of Tallinn was built in the 13th and 14th centuries. Nowadays, 1.9 km of...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn, Old Tallinn: The town wall of Tallinn was built in the 13th and 14th centuries. Nowadays, 1.9 km of the town wall is still standing, including 26 defensive towers and gate towers. The Great Coastal Gate was built at the same time as the town walls of Tallinn. The Great Coastal Gate were also built to impress visitors arriving by sea. The gate was the first time mentioned in written sources in 1384.

  10. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The tower of the Tallinn Dome Church, also known as St. Mary's cathedral. The Tallinn Dome...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The tower of the Tallinn Dome Church, also known as St. Mary's cathedral. The Tallinn Dome Church (Toomkirik) is situated on Toompea Hill. The 13th century Dome Church is the oldest church building in Tallinn. The spire dates from the 18th century. The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  11. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Tallinn Dome Church, St. Mary's cathedral. The Tallinn Dome Church was damaged in the great fire of...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The Tallinn Dome Church, St. Mary's cathedral. The Tallinn Dome Church was damaged in the great fire of 1684. In 1686, the Dome Church was restored. The altar, the chancel and the chandeliers date from the 17th century. The church was originally built in the 13th century when the Danes invaded Tallinn.

  12. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Until 1625, the tower of the St. Olav's Church reached a height of 159 metres. The tower has...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: Until 1625, the tower of the St. Olav's Church reached a height of 159 metres. The tower has been struck by lightning around ten times, three of which led to fires. After the immense fire of 1625, the tower was rebuilt and stands today 123 metres high. The steeple of the St. Olav's Church was used as a maritime signpost.

  13. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The St. Olav's Church was once the tallest building in the world. The tower was finished in the 16th...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The St. Olav's Church was once the tallest building in the world. The tower was finished in the 16th century and reached a height of 159 metres. The spire burned down after a lightning strike, the tower is now 123.7 metres high. From 1941 until 1991, the Soviet KGB used the spire of the St. Olav's Church as a radio tower and surveillance point.

  14. Historic Centre of Tallinn - Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The organ in the St. Olav's Church, the Oleviste Kirik. The tower of the St. Olav's...

    Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn: The organ in the St. Olav's Church, the Oleviste Kirik. The tower of the St. Olav's Church is one of the symbols of Tallinn. In summer, you can climb the staircase to the top of the tower, to reach the top you have to climb 258 steps. The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.