World Heritage Photos

Wartburg Castle

Wartburg Castle is located in Eisenach, in the eastern part of Germany, about 83 km from Weimar. Wartburg Castle is situated on a steep forested hillside. Wartburg Castle was founded in 1067, only some small parts from this period have survived. Wartburg Castle has been renovated and overbuilt throughout its existence. Wartburg Castle was reconstructed in the 19th century to what it looked like in the 16th century, which include the Luther Room. The Luther Room has its original floor and paneled walls. From May 1521 until March 1522 Martin Luther stayed at the Wartburg. It was during his exile at Wartburg Castle that Martin Luther translated the New Testament from Greek into German. The Textus receptus, the first printed Greek New Testament edited by the Dutch humanist Erasmus, was the translation base for the first New Testament in German. The Elizabeth Room is dedicated to Elizabeth of Hungary. She was renowned for her charitable work and canonized a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. St. Elizabeth lived at the Wartburg Castle from 1211 until 1228. Wartburg Castle gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

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Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle was founded in 1067. Wartburg Castle is situated on a steep forested hill  near the town of Eisenach...

Wartburg Castle was founded in 1067. Wartburg Castle is situated on a steep forested hill 

near the town of Eisenach in Germany. The castle is surrounded by the Thuringian forest.

The Wartburg was an important centre of power during the Middle Ages. It was the seat of

the Landgraves of Thuringia. The most famous resident of the Wartburg was Martin Luther.

  1. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle was founded in 1067. Wartburg Castle is situated on a steep forested hill  near the town of Eisenach...

    Wartburg Castle was founded in 1067. Wartburg Castle is situated on a steep forested hill 

    near the town of Eisenach in Germany. The castle is surrounded by the Thuringian forest.

    The Wartburg was an important centre of power during the Middle Ages. It was the seat of

    the Landgraves of Thuringia. The most famous resident of the Wartburg was Martin Luther.

  2. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The Gatehouse was built in 1150. The Wartburg is only accessible via a small drawbridge and the Gatehouse. Wartburg...

    Wartburg Castle: The Gatehouse was built in 1150. The Wartburg is only accessible via a

    small drawbridge and the Gatehouse. Wartburg Castle has been renovated and overbuilt

    throughout its existence. The oldest and most original parts of the castle are the Palas, the

    Gatehouse and the South Tower, much of its interior dates back to the 19th century.

  3. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The 15th century oriel of the Vogtei, the bailiff's offices. The Vogtei is part of the Vorburg, situated in the first...

    Wartburg Castle: The 15th century oriel of the Vogtei, the bailiff's offices. The Vogtei is part

    of the Vorburg, situated in the first courtyard, it dates back to the 14th and 15th centuries.

    The Luther Room is located in the half-timbered Vogtei, on the wall of this famous room is

    a portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, the painting depicts Luther disguised as Junker Jörg.

  4. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: In the corner of the courtyard stands a small castle well. The castle had its own water supply, this was very...

    Wartburg Castle: In the corner of the courtyard stands a small castle well.

    The castle had its own water supply, this was very important especially when under siege.

    A large cistern is situated in the second courtyard. The Wartburg had also a kitchen garden.

    Wartburg Castle was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

  5. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The colonnade in the Palas. The Palas is the 12th century palace. The Romanesque Palas is the oldest part of...

    Wartburg Castle: The colonnade in the Palas. The Palas is the 12th century palace.

    The Romanesque Palas is the oldest part of Wartburg Castle. The Palas is the largest

    structure of the Wartburg. It houses rooms such as the Elizabeth Room, Room of the

    Knights and Singers' Hall. The interior of the Palas was restored in the 19th century.

  6. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The Elisabeth Kemenate is adorned with coloutful mosaics, the mosaics consists of more than a million pieces of glass, gold...

    Wartburg Castle: The Elisabeth Kemenate is adorned with coloutful mosaics, the mosaics

    consists of more than a million pieces of glass, gold leaf tiles and mother-of-pearl. Elizabeth

    of Hungary was the wife of Ludwig IV, Landgrave of Thuringia. The Elisabeth Kemenate was

    the room where she lived. The Elizabeth Room is completely covered with mosaics.

  7. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The Elizabeth Room is dedicated to Elizabeth of Hungary, Elizabeth lived at Wartburg Castle from 1211 until 1228. The...

    Wartburg Castle: The Elizabeth Room is dedicated to Elizabeth of Hungary, Elizabeth

    lived at Wartburg Castle from 1211 until 1228. The colourful mosaics depict the short  

    life of Elizabeth of Hungary. She was renowned for her charitable work. She died at the

    age of 24 and soon after her death canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.

  8. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: Even the columns in the Elizabeth Room are adorned with mosaics. The mosaics were designed and made by the German...

    Wartburg Castle: Even the columns in the Elizabeth Room are adorned with mosaics.

    The mosaics were designed and made by the German artist August Oetken in 1902-1906.

    Kaiser Wilhelm II, the last German emperor, ordered the Elizabeth Room to be decorated.

    The room was decorated with amazing Neo Byzantine style mosaics.

  9. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: The Rittersaal, the  Room of the Knights, is located in the Palas, the oldest part of Wartburg Castle. The Room of...

    Wartburg Castle: The Rittersaal, the  Room of the Knights, is located in the Palas, the oldest

    part of Wartburg Castle. The Room of the Knights was restored to its original Romanesque

    style in 1854. The wall paintings depict the story of the Wartburg Castle. In 19777, Goethe 

    spend five weeks at the Wartburg, he made numerous drawings and sketches of the castle.

  10. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: An original Romanesque carved stone capital in the Palas. There are 200 carved capitals in the Palas, a third of them...

    Wartburg Castle: An original Romanesque carved stone capital in the Palas. There are 200

    carved capitals in the Palas, a third of them original masterpieces of Romanesque sculpture.

    The Palas is one of the few remaining Romanesque Palaces north of the Alps. The Palas was

    restored in the 19th century, several elements in the Romantic style architecture were added.

  11. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: On the left the decorated Singers' Hall. During the Middle Ages, Wartburg Castle was a centre of arts and music....

    Wartburg Castle: On the left the decorated Singers' Hall.

    During the Middle Ages, Wartburg Castle was a centre of arts and music. Wartburg Castle

    was the location of the Minstrel Contest (Sängerkrieg) or the Wartburg Song Contest in 1207.

    The composer Richard Wagner based his opera Tannhäuser on this legendary song contest.

  12. Wartburg Castle - Wartburg Castle: In the Singers' Hall the legendary minstrels' contest of Wartburg Castle took place in the Middle...

    Wartburg Castle: In the Singers' Hall the legendary minstrels' contest of Wartburg Castle

    took place in the Middle Ages. The Singers' Hall is regularly used for the performance of

    the opera Tannhäuser, full title Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg. Wartburg

    Castle inspired Ludwig II of Bavaria to build his fairytale castles such as Neuschwanstein.

  13. Wartburg Castle - The Luther Room (Lutherstube) is the most famous room in Wartburg Castle, from May 1521 until March 1522 Martin Luther stayed at Wartburg...

    The Luther Room (Lutherstube) is the most famous room in Wartburg Castle, from May 1521

    until March 1522 Martin Luther stayed at Wartburg Castle. In the Luther Room he translated

    the New Testament into commonly spoken German, Luther was not the first translator of the

    Bible, but the Luther Bible became widely known, thanks to the invention of the printing press.

  14. Wartburg Castle - The Bergfried is the donjon of the Wartburg, the tower was completed in 1859. During the nazi regime, the cross on the Bergfried was replaced...

    The Bergfried is the donjon of the Wartburg, the tower was completed in 1859.

    During the nazi regime, the cross on the Bergfried was replaced by a swastika.

    Hitler was a great admirer of Wartburg Castle, he called it 'the most German of

    German castles'. Wartburg Castle became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.