World Heritage Photos

Speyer Cathedral

Speyer Cathedral: Speyer is a town in southwest Germany, located on the banks of the Rhine, about 100 km of Bingen. Speyer is famous for its cathedral, normally known as the Kaiserdom zu Speyer (Imperial Cathedral of Speyer). The Speyer Cathedral is one of the largest and most important cathedrals of Germany and the largest Romanesque cathedral in the world, it is also one of the most important Romanesque monuments of the Holy Roman Empire. The Speyer Cathedral was founded by the Holy Royal Emperor Conrad II in 1030 and is considered to be a 'turning point' in the architecture of Europe. The cathedral has the earliest example in Germany of a colonnaded dwarf gallery that encircles the entire building. The monumental crypt of the Speyer Cathedral is the largest Romanesque columned hall crypt in Europe, the crypt contains the tombs of German emperors and kings as well as several bishops. Along with the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, the Durham Cathedral and Cluny Abbey, Speyer Cathedral was the most ambitious project of that time. The cathedral is located some 65 km northwest of the UNESCO World Heritage in Maulbronn, some 55 km south of the UNESCO World Heritage in Lorsch. Speyer Cathedral became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981. 

www.werelderfgoedfotos.nl   © Copyright   World Heritage Photos

Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral has the earliest example in Germany of a colonnaded dwarf gallery that encircles the entire building. The domes, the...

Speyer Cathedral has the earliest example in Germany of a colonnaded dwarf gallery that encircles the entire building. The domes, the nave and the four towers are roofed with copper, weathered too a pale green in the course of time. The western dome houses the nine bells of the cathedral. Speyer Cathedral is one of the most important Romanesque monuments of the Holy Roman Empire. Speyer Cathedral was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981. 

  1. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral has the earliest example in Germany of a colonnaded dwarf gallery that encircles the entire building. The domes, the...

    Speyer Cathedral has the earliest example in Germany of a colonnaded dwarf gallery that encircles the entire building. The domes, the nave and the four towers are roofed with copper, weathered too a pale green in the course of time. The western dome houses the nine bells of the cathedral. Speyer Cathedral is one of the most important Romanesque monuments of the Holy Roman Empire. Speyer Cathedral was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981. 

  2. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The construction of the cathedral started in 1030 under the Salian Emperor Konrad II, he wanted to build the most impressive and...

    Speyer Cathedral: The construction of the cathedral started in 1030 under the Salian Emperor Konrad II, he wanted to build the most impressive and largest church of his time. The cathedral was built of red sandstone from the mountains of the Palatine Forest. Speyer cathedral is the largest Romanesque cathedral in the world and the monumental crypt of the cathedral is the largest Romanesque columned hall crypt in Europe.

  3. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: A row of statues above the main portal of the west façade, the central statue depicts the Virgin and Child. The...

    Speyer Cathedral: A row of statues above the main portal of the west façade, the central statue depicts the Virgin and Child. The cathedral is an important Romanesque monument of the Holy Roman Empire. The cathedral was founded by Holy Royal Emperor Conrad II in 1030 and was consecrated under his grandson in 1061, already before the cathedral was completed in 1106. Speyer Cathedral is considered to be a 'turning point' in European architecture.

  4. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The rose window on the façade of the Westwerk, the sculptures depict Jesus Christ surrounded by the symbols of the...

    Speyer Cathedral: The rose window on the façade of the Westwerk, the sculptures depict Jesus Christ surrounded by the symbols of the Four Evangelists. During the Nine Years' War (1688-1697), also known as the Palatine War, the inhabitants of Speyer took shelter in the cathedral when the troops of the French King Louis XIV were looting the town, the Westwerk of Speyer Cathedral was completely destroyed, it was rebuilt in a simpler version in 1770.

  5. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The Romanesque sandstone windows are adorned with fine engravings. The cathedral is generally known as the Kaiserdom...

    Speyer Cathedral: The Romanesque sandstone windows are adorned with fine engravings. The cathedral is generally known as the Kaiserdom zu Speyer, the Imperial Cathedral of Speyer. The official name of Speyer Cathedral is Domkirche St. Maria und St. Stephan. The cathedral was the final resting place of several German kings and emperors for almost 300 years. The  tombs were originally situated in the nave, but were moved to the crypt between 1900-1906.

  6. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: A detail of the fine sculptures of the main entrance portal of the Westwerk, the westwork, the monumental west facing entrance...

    Speyer Cathedral: A detail of the fine sculptures of the main entrance portal of the Westwerk, the westwork, the monumental west facing entrance building of the cathedral. The Westwerk symbolized the power of the emperor and the state. In 1689, during the Nine Years War, also the War of the Palatine Succession, Speyer Cathedral was heavily damaged. The cathedral was reconstructed in the 18th century.  

  7. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: One of the towers of the cathedral. The towers are 'deaf towers', so called because they were never equipped with...

    Speyer Cathedral: One of the towers of the cathedral. The towers are 'deaf towers', so called because they were never equipped with bells. The western dome serves as the belfry, the dome houses the chime of the Speyer Cathedral,  the chime is composed of nine bells. The larger four bells were cast in Heidelberg in 1822, the five smaller bells were cast in 1963, also in Heidelberg. The weight of the largest bell is 5350 kg.

  8. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The flat wooden ceilig was replaced by a stone vaulting in the period 1082-1106. The nave was decorated...

    Speyer Cathedral: The flat wooden ceilig was replaced by a stone vaulting in the period 1082-1106. The nave was decorated with colourful paintings in the late Nazarene style, the paintings were made by Johann Schraudolph in the period between 1846 and 1853. The twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles are symbolized in the twelve arches of the nave. Speyer Cathedral was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.

  9. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The Vierungsturm is the most important dome of the cathedral. The main altar is situated under the crossing dome, the...

    Speyer Cathedral: The Vierungsturm is the most important dome of the cathedral. The main altar is situated under the crossing dome, the so called Vierungsturm. The crossing dome is situated above the intersection of the nave and the transept. The Cathedral Treasure is located in the Historical Museum of the Palatine, it houses thousands of objects, such as several burial crowns of German kings and emperors.

  10. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral: The door of the St. Afra Chapel. The chapel is situated on the northern side of the cathedtal. The chapel was named...

    Speyer Cathedral: The door of the St. Afra Chapel. The chapel is situated on the northern side of the cathedtal. The chapel was named after a Christian martyr. The Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV was buried in the St. Afra Chapel, his remains were reburied in the crypt of the cathedral in 1111. A parchment page of the Wulfila Bible was discovered in 1971 in the St. Afra Chapel. The Wulfila Bible, or the Gothic Bible, was written in the 4th century.

  11. Speyer Cathedral - Speyer Cathedral is a basilica with four towers and two large domes. The floor plan of the Romanesque cathedral has the form of a Latin...

    Speyer Cathedral is a basilica with four towers and two large domes. The floor plan of the Romanesque cathedral has the form of a Latin cross. Along with the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Durham Cathedral and Cluny Abbey, Speyer Cathedral was the most ambitious project of the time. Speyer is a town in southwest Germany, situated on the left bank of the Rhine. Speyer Cathedral gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.