World Heritage Photos

Auschwitz - Birkenau

Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The former Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz - Birkenau is located near the town Oświęcim in Poland, about 60 km of Kraków. Auschwitz was one of the concentration camp under Nazi occupation, initially a concentration camp for Poles and later for Russian prisoners of war. Auschwitz consists of three main camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz - Birkenau and the work camp Auschwitz-Monowitz. The concentration- and extermination camps were designed and built by Nazi Germany. Between 1942-1945 Auschwitz became a mass extermination camp. About 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau, most of them were Jews. Roma, Sinti and prisoners of several European nationalities were also murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau. About 147,000 Poles were deported to Auschwitz, of whom 74,000 did not survive. The Soviets liberated Auschwitz on 25 January 1945. Rudolf Höss was the longest serving Nazi commandant of Auschwitz.  After WWII, the Supreme National Tribunal in Warsaw tried Rudolf Höss for war crimes. He was sentenced to death by hanging in april 1947. Auschwitz - Birkenau is now a monument in memory of the victims. Probably the most famous victim of the Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, the mass murder of the Jews by the nazi's, was Anne Frank. Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1979.Work of art: Anne Frank.

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Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Auschwitz I, the main gate with the slogan 'Arbeit...

Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Auschwitz I, the main gate with the slogan 'Arbeit macht Frei' (Work sets you free). The sign was erected by order of Rudolf Höss, the longest serving Nazi commandant of Auschwitz. The sign was made by prisoners in 1940, they turned the letter B upside down, probably as an act of resistance.

  1. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Auschwitz I, the main gate with the slogan 'Arbeit...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Auschwitz I, the main gate with the slogan 'Arbeit macht Frei' (Work sets you free). The sign was erected by order of Rudolf Höss, the longest serving Nazi commandant of Auschwitz. The sign was made by prisoners in 1940, they turned the letter B upside down, probably as an act of resistance.

  2. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A watchtower near the main gate of Auschwitz I. On the...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A watchtower near the main gate of Auschwitz I. On the left the gate bearing the Nazi slogan 'Arbeit macht Frei' (Work sets you free). The slogan 'Arbeit macht Frei' was placed over the gate of a number of Nazi concentration camps. The concentration- and extermination camps were designed and built by Nazi Germany.

  3. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): An empty poison gas canister. Zyklon B was the trade name...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): An empty poison gas canister. Zyklon B was the trade name of a pesticide, used by Nazi Germany against human beings in the gas chambers of Auschwitz - Birkenau and other extermination camps. Approximately 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau, most of hem were Jews.

  4. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A reconstruction of the execution wall, known as the Black...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A reconstruction of the execution wall, known as the Black Wall. According to the Auschwitz Museum 20,000 people were executed at the Black Wall, mainly Polish resistance fighters. The Black Wall is situated between block 10 and block 11 at Auschwitz I. About 147,000 Poles were deported to Auschwitz, of whom 74,000 died.

  5. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A gas chamber in Auschwitz I. About 1.5 million people were...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): A gas chamber in Auschwitz I. About 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz I and Auschwitz - Birkenau, most of them were Jews, the most were killed in the gas chambers, others died from diseases and starvation. During World War II, more than 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazi's.

  6. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The crematory in Auschwitz I. The 52 ovens at Auschwitz -...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The crematory in Auschwitz I. The 52 ovens at Auschwitz - Birkenau cremated the bodies of those who died in the concentration camp. About 4,500 corpses per day were cremated. Not only Jews were murdered in Auschwitz, also Roma, Sinti, Polish victims, prisoners of war and resistance fighters of several European nationalities.

  7. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The 'Gate of Death' and the unloading ramp. During...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The 'Gate of Death' and the unloading ramp. During World War II more than 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazi's. Another 5 million people were also murdered, among them Roma, Sinti, gay people, disabled people, priests and resistance fighters from all of Nazi occupied Europe. During WWII, over 55 million people were killed, civilians and soldiers.

  8. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: The barbed wire fences and buildings of sector BIIa. The BIIb sector was a 'model camp, used for propaganda purposes,...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: The barbed wire fences and buildings of sector BIIa. The BIIb sector was a 'model camp, used for propaganda purposes, the prisoners were allowed to keep their own clothing, their belongings and their hair. This 'model camp' was liquidated in July 1944, most of the prisoners were sent into the gas chambers. The original wooden barracks of Auschwitz - Birkenau, except one, were destroyed after WWII.

  9. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The brick chimneys are all that remain of the wooden...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The brick chimneys are all that remain of the wooden buildings of Auschwitz - Birkenau. Anne Frank was deported to Auschwitz in 1944, later she was transferred to concentration camp Bergen-Belsen where she died in February 1945. After her death Anne Frank becomes world famous because of the diary she wrote while in hiding at Prinsengracht in Amsterdam.

  10. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: The latrines were very primitive facilities. The sanitary conditions for prisoners at Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: The latrines were very primitive facilities. The sanitary conditions for prisoners at Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz - Birkenau were extremely poor. The latrines were just a series of holes in a raw concrete bench. Auschwitz consists of three main camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II, also known as Auschwitz - Birkenau and a work camp Auschwitz III, known as Auschwitz - Monowitz.

  11. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The washrooms, the sanitary conditions for prisoners at...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The washrooms, the sanitary conditions for prisoners at Auschwitz - Birkenau were extremely poor, there was a constant lack of water and if available, the water was not clean. Auschwitz was initially a concentration camp for Poles and later for Russian prisoners of war. Auschwitz is situated near the town of Oświęcim in Poland.

  12. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: One of the remaining prisoner barracks. The prisoner barracks were overcrowded, dirty and swarmed with insects and...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: One of the remaining prisoner barracks. The prisoner barracks were overcrowded, dirty and swarmed with insects and rodents, responsible for the spread of a number of infectious diseases. Auschwitz concentration campwas built in Poland under Nazi occupation. The Auschwitz concentration camp complex was the largest of all Nazi death camps.

  13. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Eyeglasses taken from the victims of Auschwitz before they...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): Eyeglasses taken from the victims of Auschwitz before they were sent into the gas chamber. Between 1942-1945 Auschwitz became a mass extermination camp. Approximately 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau, Roma, Sinti, Polish victims and prisoners of several European nationalities, but most of hem were Jews.

  14. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: The ruins of crematory II. The crematories and gas chambers were destroyed by the SS just a few days before the...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: The ruins of crematory II. The crematories and gas chambers were destroyed by the SS just a few days before the concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz - Birkenau was liberated by the Soviets. Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.

  15. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: The ruins of one of the crematory. The Soviet Red Army liberated Auschwitz on 25 January 1945. The crematories and gas...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: The ruins of one of the crematory. The Soviet Red Army liberated Auschwitz on 25 January 1945. The crematories and gas chambers were destroyed by the SS, just a few days before concentration camp Auschwitz - Birkenau was liberated by the Soviets. The Soviet soldiers found 7,000 survivors suffering from starvation and disease, they also found unburied corpses, bones and human ashes.

  16. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The gallows where the camp commandant Rudolf Höss was...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The gallows where the camp commandant Rudolf Höss was executed on 16 april 1947. The Nazi Rudolf Höss was tried and convicted of war crimes. He was sentenced to death by hanging on 2 april 1947. The gallows was constructed specifically for his execution, next to the crematory and not far from his former villa in Auschwitz I.

  17. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The Auschwitz - Birkenau International Monument was erected in...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The Auschwitz - Birkenau International Monument was erected in 1967. The monument is situated in Auschwitz II, also known as Auschwitz - Birkenau. The Auschwitz - Birkenau International Monument is surrounded by more than twenty memorial plaques, each bearing an inscription in a different language.

  18. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau: Dutch memorial tablet. Approximately 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau, most were Jews. About 6...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau: Dutch memorial tablet. Approximately 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz - Birkenau, most were Jews. About 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis overall. The former concentration- and extermination camp Auschwitz - Birkenau is nowadays a monument to the martyrdom of the people of Poland and other nations. It became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1979.

  19. Auschwitz - Birkenau - Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The four black memorial stones at one of the ash ponds of...

    Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): The four black memorial stones at one of the ash ponds of Auschwitz - Birkenau. The stones marks the spot with the ashes of victims of the Nazi regime. Each of the four crematoria of Auschwitz - Birkenau had its own pond, that the Nazi's used to dump the ashes of the cremated victims.

  20. Auschwitz - Birkenau - The 'Gate of Death' of Auschwitz - Birkenau. Since the liberation of the camp on 25 January 1945, Auschwitz - Birkenau is almost left...

    The 'Gate of Death' of Auschwitz - Birkenau. Since the liberation of the camp on 25 January 1945, Auschwitz - Birkenau is almost left intact in its original state, it is a memorial site in remembrance to the victims of the Nazi regime. The Auschwitz - Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.