World Heritage Photos

Vilnius Historic Centre

Vilnius Historic Centre: Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania. The Gediminas' Tower is the only remaining part of the Upper Castle of Vilnius. Vilnius always was a multi-religious city, there are several churches of 9 different faiths. The Cathedral of Vilnius dates from 1419 and has eleven chapels. The Chapel of St. Casimir is the most important and most beautiful chapel of the Cathedral of Vilnius. The Chapel of St. Casimir was built in 1636 to house the remains of St. Casimir, the patron saint of Lithuania. The freestanding bell tower (57 meter) of the Cathedral of Vilnius was once part of one of the gates in the defensive wall of Vilnius. The Aušros Vartai (Gates of Dawn) is the only remaining city gate of Vilnius. The Aušros Vartai houses a chapel with the icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary Mother of Mercy, one of the most sacred icons in Europe. The Vilnius University was founded in 1571. Inside, the walls and vaulted ceilings of the Vilnius University are decorated with colourful wall paintings. The former KGB headquarters and KGB prison, a symbol of Soviet occupation, is located just outside Vilnius Historic Centre. Nowadays it houses the Museum of Genocide Victims. The Baltic Way was a human chain linking the three Baltic States in their drive for freedom, it was a 600 km long chain from Tallinn to Vilnius, crossing Riga, the Baltic Way was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. Vilnius Historic Centre gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994. 

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Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Gediminas' Tower is the only remaining part of the Upper Castle of Vilnius. The Upper Castle was...

Vilnius Historic Centre: The Gediminas' Tower is the only remaining part of the Upper Castle of Vilnius. The Upper Castle was completed in 1409. The Gediminas' Tower was restored in 1930, from the top of the tower you have a beautiful view of Vilnius, situated at the confluence of the Vilnia and Neris rivers. The Gediminas' Tower is an important historic symbol of the City of Vilnius and Lithuania. Vilnius Historic Centre was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

  1. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Gediminas' Tower is the only remaining part of the Upper Castle of Vilnius. The Upper Castle was...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Gediminas' Tower is the only remaining part of the Upper Castle of Vilnius. The Upper Castle was completed in 1409. The Gediminas' Tower was restored in 1930, from the top of the tower you have a beautiful view of Vilnius, situated at the confluence of the Vilnia and Neris rivers. The Gediminas' Tower is an important historic symbol of the City of Vilnius and Lithuania. Vilnius Historic Centre was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

  2. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Casimir's Chapel is the most important chapel of the Vilnius Cathedral. The St. Casimir's Chapel was...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Casimir's Chapel is the most important chapel of the Vilnius Cathedral. The St. Casimir's Chapel was built in 1636 to house the remains of St. Casimir (1458-1484), the patron saint of Lithuania. The Chapel of St. Casimir is a national treasure of Lithuania. The Vilnius Cathedral dates from 1419, it has eleven chapels. The freestanding bell tower is 57 metres high and was once part of one of the city gates in the defensive wall of Vilnius.

  3. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Bernardine Church and monastery dates from the beginning of the 16th century. The Bernardine Church once was part of...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Bernardine Church and monastery dates from the beginning of the 16th century. The Bernardine Church once was part of the defensive walls of Vilnius, the church was used in the defence of Vilnius, it has several loopholes in the northern façade. During the Soviet occupation, the church was closed down and used as a warehouse and school. Vilnius always was a multi-religious city, there are several churches of nine different faiths.

  4. Vilnius Historic Centre - \Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Casimir's Church was built in 1604-1635 and is one of the first Baroque churches in Vilnius. The St....

    \Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Casimir's Church was built in 1604-1635 and is one of the first Baroque churches in Vilnius. The St. Casimir's Church was destroyed three times and rebuilt three times. In 1812, the French army turned the St. Casimir's Church into a granary. In 1839, the Russians turned the church into an Orthodox church. The church was returned to the Roman Catholic Community in Vilnius in 1988 and fully restored in 1991.

  5. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Three Crosses on the Hill of Three Crosses, also known as Bleak Hill. The Three Crosses is a prominent monument in...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Three Crosses on the Hill of Three Crosses, also known as Bleak Hill. The Three Crosses is a prominent monument in Vilnius. According to a legend, seven Franciscan friars were beheaded on Bleak Hill in the 14th century. The first wooden crosses were erected in the 17th century, they were replaced by concrete crosses in 1916. The Three Crosses on Bleak Hill became a symbol of Vilnius.

  6. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. John's Church was built in the period 1386-1426, the bell tower of the church is 68 metres high and is the...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. John's Church was built in the period 1386-1426, the bell tower of the church is 68 metres high and is the highest building in the town. The façade of the church was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 18th century. Since 1963, the church is part of the Vilnius University, the St. John's Church is situated in the Grand Courtyard of the Vilnius University. The Vilnius University was founded in 1571.

  7. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The interior of Vilnius University is decorated with wall paintings. The interior of the Linguistic Institute is...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The interior of Vilnius University is decorated with wall paintings. The interior of the Linguistic Institute is decorated with colourful wall paintings depicting the Seasons of the Year with motifs from Baltic mythology, painted in the period 1976-1984. It is possible to take a guided tour through Vilnius University. Vilnius University is situated in the historic centre of Vilnius.

  8. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The wall paintings in the Baranauskas Hall of the Vilnius University. The Baranauskas Hall is dedicated to the...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The wall paintings in the Baranauskas Hall of the Vilnius University. The Baranauskas Hall is dedicated to the bishop and poet Antanas Baranauskas and other famous Lithuanian people. The bronze doors at the University Library are dedicated to the first printed book in the Lithuanian language in 1547. The library was founded by the Jesuits and is nine years older than the university. The library holds over five million documents.

  9. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Aula of Vilnius University is located in the Grand Courtyard. The Vilnius University was founded in 1579. It is...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Aula of Vilnius University is located in the Grand Courtyard. The Vilnius University was founded in 1579. It is the oldest university in the Baltic States and one of the oldest in Northern Europe. The old campus of the university consists of sixteen buildings and thirteen courtyards. The Vilnius Historic Centre gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

  10. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Aušros Vartai, Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn, is the only remaining city gate. The Aušros Vartai was...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Aušros Vartai, Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn, is the only remaining city gate. The Aušros Vartai was built in the period 1503-1522 and was part of the fortifications of Vilnius. Every day, pilgrims are waiting to enter the Gate of Dawn and the small chapel with the famous icon the Blessed Virgin, Mary Mother of Mercy. In the 16th century, the city gates of Vilnius contained religious objects intended to guard the city.

  11. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Chapel of Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn houses the famous icon of the Blessed Virgin, Mary Mother of Mercy, one...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Chapel of Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn houses the famous icon of the Blessed Virgin, Mary Mother of Mercy, one of the most sacred icons in Europe. The chapel is a major pilgrimage destination in Vilnius. The walls of the small chapel are adorned with votive offerings, the icon is believed to have miraculous and healing powers. Vilnius Historic Centre gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

  12. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Anne's Church was built in 1495-1500. The main façade is a masterpiece of...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The St. Anne's Church was built in 1495-1500. The main façade is a masterpiece of the Flamboyant Gothic style. Some experts believe that the Pillars of Gediminas, one of the earliest symbols of Lithuania, have been incorporated into the red brickwork façade, the separate bell tower dates from 1873. In 1812, during the French invasion of Lithuania, the St. Anne's Church was visited by Emperor Napoleon.

  13. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit was built in 1749-1753. The interior dates back to the 18th century. The Orthodox...

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit was built in 1749-1753. The interior dates back to the 18th century. The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit is the main Orthodox Church in Lithuania. The Friary of the Holy Spirit and the convent of the Holy Mary Magdalene are situated next to the church. The monasteries are still inhabited by monks and nuns. Even during the Soviet period, the monasteries remained open.

  14. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius Historic Centre: The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit houses the reliquary with the relics of St. Jonas, St. Eustachius and St. Antanas....

    Vilnius Historic Centre: The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit houses the reliquary with the relics of St. Jonas, St. Eustachius and St. Antanas. During the reign of Algirdas, the pagan Grand Duke of Lithuania, they were arrested for preaching in public and executed in 1347. During Christmas, the remains are dressed in white, in black during Lent, in red during the remainder of the year. On June 26th, they are displayed entirely naked.

  15. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius: The wall outside the Museum of Genocide Victims is engraved with the names of the KGB victims, a remembrance of those who were...

    Vilnius: The wall outside the Museum of Genocide Victims is engraved with the names of the KGB victims, a remembrance of those who were killed inside the building during the Soviet period. The Museum of Genocide Victims is located in the former KGB prison and headquarters. The former KGB building is a symbol of the years of Soviet occupation. The museum is located just outside Vilnius Historic Centre.

  16. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius: The Museum of Genocide Victims, known as the KGB Museum, the museum is situated in the former KGB headquarters and prison. The KGB...

    Vilnius: The Museum of Genocide Victims, known as the KGB Museum, the museum is situated in the former KGB headquarters and prison. The KGB prison has been kept in the original state. The KGB museum is divided into parts, the two upper floors houses an exposition about the Lithuanian resistance against the Soviet occupation, the basement houses the KGB prison, the cells, the torture rooms and execution chamber.

  17. Vilnius Historic Centre - Vilnius: One of the old wooden houses in Žvėrynas, just outside the historic centre of Vilnius. Žvėrynas is one of the older and smaller...

    Vilnius: One of the old wooden houses in Žvėrynas, just outside the historic centre of Vilnius. Žvėrynas is one of the older and smaller neighbourhoods of Vilnius, known for its wooden houses. The neighbourhood Šnipiškės is also known for its wooden houses. Žvėrynas and Šnipiškės are situated on the banks of the Neris River. The wooden houses were built in the 19th and 20th centuries.