World Heritage Photos

Kernavė Archaeological Site

Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) is located about 35 km north-west of Vilnius in eastern Lithuania. The Kernavė Archaeological Site is situated near the river Neris in the Pajauta Valley. Kernavė represents a testimony to 10 millennia of human settlements in the Baltic region and has preserved traces of ancient land use and the remains of five hill forts. The Kernavė hill forts were part of a large defence system. The oldest hill fort of Kernavė is Aukuras Hill. Aukuras Hill was settled in the first century BC. Kernavė was an important feudal town in the Middle Ages. It was the first capital of Lithuania. In the 14th century, the town was destroyed by the Teutonic Order, the remaining inhabitants settled on a nearby hill. Modern Kernavė is very small, but it has a church and chapel near the Kernavė Archaeological Site. The Kernavė Archaeological Site was excavated in the 19th century. After WWII the hill forts were excavated by the Vilnius University in 1979 and the Lithuanian Institute of History between 1980-1983. Only a small part of Kernavė has been excavated. Kernavė Archaeological Site Museum houses artifacts discovered during the excavations. Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2004.

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Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernav ė ): Kernavė is a small town situated on the banks of the Neris River. About 500 AD,...

Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė is a small town situated on the banks of the Neris River. About 500 AD, Kernavė, together with Vilnius and Trakai, was an important tribal centre in Lithuania, it was the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13th century. In the 14th century, Kernavė was destroyed by the Teutonic Order, the remaining inhabitants settled on a nearby hill. Kernavė represents the primeval past of Lithuania.

  1. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernav ė ): Kernavė is a small town situated on the banks of the Neris River. About 500 AD,...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė is a small town situated on the banks of the Neris River. About 500 AD, Kernavė, together with Vilnius and Trakai, was an important tribal centre in Lithuania, it was the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13th century. In the 14th century, Kernavė was destroyed by the Teutonic Order, the remaining inhabitants settled on a nearby hill. Kernavė represents the primeval past of Lithuania.

  2. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė has preserved traces of ancient land use and the remains of five hill...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė has preserved traces of ancient land use and the remains of five hill forts. The oldest hill fort is called Aukuro Kalnas, the Heart Mound or Aukuras Hill. Aukuras Hill was settled in the first century BC. Kernavė is an area of unique archaeological and historical value. Kernave Archaeological Site was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2004.

  3. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The legend says that king Mindaugas was crowned on the Mindaugo Sosto, the King...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The legend says that king Mindaugas was crowned on the Mindaugo Sosto, the King Mindaugas Throne, in 1253. Mindaugas was the founder of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, he was the first and only king of Lithuania. Kernavė was an important feudal town during the Middle Ages. Kernavė was the first capital of Lithuania.

  4. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The so-called Lizdeika Hill. The hill fort with the steepest sides is called...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The so-called Lizdeika Hill. The hill fort with the steepest sides is called Lizdeikos Piliakalnis, the Lizdeika Hill, it is facing the Neris River. Lizdeika was a pagan priest, he protected the fire on Altar Hill or the Holy Hill. The five hill forts are situated near the river Neris in the Pajauta Valley. The largest hill fort is called the Castle Mound, Piliakalnis.

  5. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Five hill forts have remained in Kernavė. The Kernavė hill forts were part of a large...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Five hill forts have remained in Kernavė. The Kernavė hill forts were part of a large defence system that once stretched along the Neris River. For the first time, the hill forts were excavated in the 19th century, after World War II, they were excavated by Vilnius University and the Lithuanian Institute of History. In written historical sources, Kernavė was first mentioned in 1279.

  6. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė has the oldest medgrinda of Lithuania, a hidden underwater road across the...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): Kernavė has the oldest medgrinda of Lithuania, a hidden underwater road across the swamps, made of wood, it is dated to the 4th-7th century, it was used as a defence road and only known to the locals. Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 2004.

  7. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė ): Kernavė represents an outstanding testimony to 10 millennia of human occupation...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė ): Kernavė represents an outstanding testimony to 10 millennia of human occupation in the Baltic region and has preserved traces of ancient land use and the remains of five hill forts. The Museum of Kernavė houses artifacts discovered during excavations. The Kernavė Archaeological Site has attracted the attention of researchers since the 19th century.

  8. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The entrance gate of Kernavė. The Kernavė Archaeological Site is located 35...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The entrance gate of Kernavė. The Kernavė Archaeological Site is located 35 km northwest of Vilnius in eastern Lithuania. Kernave Archaeological Site is an ensemble of archaeological sites, including the town of Kernavė, five hill forts, some undefended settlements, burial sites and historical and cultural monuments. Kernave Archaeological Site was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2004.

  9. Kernavė Archaeological Site - Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The Kernavė Church was built in 1920. In the centre of the Neo-baroque altar is a...

    Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė): The Kernavė Church was built in 1920. In the centre of the Neo-baroque altar is a painting of the Virgin Mary and Child, it was painted in 1816. In front of the church stands a large granite statue of Moses. Nearby Kernavė Church, there is also a small wooden chapel and a mausoleum, a burial site and the stone foundations of an older church.