World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of Évora

Historic Centre of Évora: Evora is situated in the heart of the Alentejo region of Portugal, about 130 km east of Lisbon. The history of Évora goes back to the Neolithic Period, the surrounding landscape of Évora comprises a large number of megalithic monuments, the most important are the Almendres Cromlech and the Anta Grande do Zambujeiro. Évora was a thriving city in the Roman Times, the Temple of Diana is a reminder of this period. In the 15th century, Évora was the residence of the kings of Portugal and became the second city of the country. The University of Évora was founded by the Jesuits in the 16th century, it was the second university founded in Portugal, after the University of Coimbra. The Jesuits were expelled from Portugal in the 18th century and the University of Evora was closed in 1779, it was reopened nearly two hundred years later in 1973. Evora is still surrounded by its medieval fortified city walls. One of the most remarkable monuments of Évora is the Chapel of the Bones in the Igreja Real de São Francisco, one of the most visited monuments in Évora. Another impressive monument in Évora is the 16th century Agua de Prata Aqueduct. The Cathedral of Évora is a fine example of Gothic architecture, the design of the octagonal crossing tower resembles that of one of the towers of the Old Cathedral of Salamanca. It is common belief that, before the first expedition of the navigator Vasco da Gama to India in 1497, the flags of the fleet were blessed in the Cathedral of Évora. The Historic Centre of Évora was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1986,

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Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The Porta de Avis, the Gate of Aviz, is one of the city gates of Évora. The gate was named after...

Historic Centre of Évora: The Porta de Avis, the Gate of Aviz, is one of the city gates of Évora.

The gate was named after the House of Aviz, the second dynasty of kings of Portugal. Evora is

situated in the heart of the Alentejo region, 130 km east of Lisbon. Évora is surrounded by cork

oaks, vineyards and olive groves. The Historic Centre of Évora is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  1. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The Porta de Avis, the Gate of Aviz, is one of the city gates of Évora. The gate was named after...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The Porta de Avis, the Gate of Aviz, is one of the city gates of Évora.

    The gate was named after the House of Aviz, the second dynasty of kings of Portugal. Evora is

    situated in the heart of the Alentejo region, 130 km east of Lisbon. Évora is surrounded by cork

    oaks, vineyards and olive groves. The Historic Centre of Évora is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  2. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: A colourful alley in the old Jewish Quarter in Évora. The Jewish Quarter of Évora...

    Historic Centre of Évora: A colourful alley in the old Jewish Quarter in Évora. The Jewish

    Quarter of Évora was one of the largest and richest Jewish quarters in Portugal. During the

    Middle Ages, the Jews of Portugal lived in their own quarters, the Judiarias, their rights were

    limited. The Jewish Quarter in Évora is situated near Praça do Giraldo, the Giraldo Square.

  3. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: Atop the Cathedral of Évora, the spire of the octagonal tower above the crossing of transept is...

    Historic Centre of Évora: Atop the Cathedral of Évora, the spire of the octagonal tower above

    the crossing of transept is surrounded by six turrets  Each turret is a copy of the tower itself.

    The Cathedral of Évora is a beautiful example of Gothic architecture. The design of the tower

    resembles that of one of the towers of the Old Cathedral of Salamanca.

  4. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: It is possible to visit the roof of the Cathedral of Évora, the rooftop provides an amazing...

    Historic Centre of Évora: It is possible to visit the roof of the Cathedral of Évora, the rooftop

    provides an amazing view over the city and surrounding landscape. The Cathedral of Évora

    is a fine example of Gothic architecture. It is common belief that the fleet of Vasco da Gama,

    on his first expedition to the Orient, had their flags blessed in the Cathedral of Évora in 1497.

  5. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The Roman Temple of Évora, also referred to as the Temple of Diana. The temple was constructed...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The Roman Temple of Évora, also referred to as the Temple of Diana.

    The temple was constructed in the first century and dedicated to Augustus, the first Emperor

    of the Roman Empire. The temple is regarded as one of the best preserved Roman temples 

    on the Iberian Peninsula. Twelve Corinthian columns and epistyles or architraves are still intact.

  6. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The Agua de Prata Aqueduct, Aqueduct of Silver Water, was built in the 16th century. The aqueduct...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The Agua de Prata Aqueduct, Aqueduct of Silver Water, was built in

    the 16th century. The aqueduct transported fresh drinking water from the water springs of

    the Graca do Divor area to Évora. The Agua de Prata Aqueduct is 18 km long, the tallest arch

    in 26 metres high. Once, the aqueduct was connected to the fountain in Praça do Giraldo.

  7. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The 16th century Fonte Henriquina in front of the Santo Antão, the Church of Saint Anthony. The...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The 16th century Fonte Henriquina in front of the Santo Antão,

    the Church of Saint Anthony. The Baroque marble fountain is situated in the Praça do Giraldo,

    the main square of Évora. The fountain sprays eight streams of water, they represent the eight

    streets leading out of the main square into the city of Évora.

  8. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: One of the turrets in the medieval city walls of Évora. The oldest part of the wall was built in the...

    Historic Centre of Évora: One of the turrets in the medieval city walls of Évora. The oldest part

    of the wall was built in the third century. During the Arab rule (750-1165), the walls were further

    improved. A second wall was constructed in the 16th century and reinforced with bastions in

    the 17th century. The walls are still intact and surround the entire historic centre of the Évora.

  9. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The ceiling of the library of the University of Évora was painted around 1709, the central drawing...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The ceiling of the library of the University of Évora was painted around

    1709, the central drawing depicts the Blessed Virgin, the Seat of Wisdom. The buildings of the

    university are spread out all over Évora. The Colégio do Espírito Santo, the College of the Holy

    Spirit, is the most important and most visited building of the University of Évora.

  10. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The Old Sala dos Atos, the old conference room of the University of Évora, situated in the...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The Old Sala dos Atos, the old conference room of the University of

    Évora, situated in the Colégio do Espírito Santo. The Baroque room is decorated with colourful

    azulejos and decorative stucco from the 17th century. The University of Évora was founded by

    the Jesuits in the 16th century, it was the second university founded in Portugal.

  11. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The fountain in the centre of the Largo das Portas de Moura square. The 16th century Renaissance...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The fountain in the centre of the Largo das Portas de Moura square.

    The 16th century Renaissance fountain is topped by a marble sphere. The 16th century Casa

    Cordovil, the mansion situated behind the fountain, was built in the Manueline and Mudejar

    styles. Nearby the square stands the Largo das Portas, a gate in the medieval walls of Évora.

  12. Historic Centre of Évora - Historic Centre of Évora: The King Manuel Palace, also known as the Royal Palace of Évora, is a former residence of the Kings...

    Historic Centre of Évora: The King Manuel Palace, also known as the Royal Palace of Évora, is

    a former residence of the Kings of Portugal. It was built as a convent in the 13th century and

    was modified into a Renaissance palace in the 14th century, it was a centre of the Portuguese

    Renaissance. The palace is situated in the Public Parc of Évora, the Jardim Público de Évora.