World Heritage Photos

Abbey of Saint Gall

The Abbey of Saint Gall is located in St. Gallen, the capital city of the canton of St. Gallen in the northeastern part of Switzerland. The Abbey of Saint Gall was considered a good example of a Carolingian monastery. From the founding in the 8th century until its dissolution in 1805, the Abbey of Saint Gall was one of the most important monasteries in Europe. The history of this abbey begins in 612 AD, when the Irish monk Gallus built an oratory. More than a century later the oratory was replaced by an imposing church. Later, the Benedictine order of Saint Gall was founded. The Abbey of Saint Gall was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 18th cenrury. The cathedral and library are the highlights of this notable monastery complex. The architecture of the library is in the Baroque style, but it is decorated in the Rococo style. The Abbey Library of Saint Gall is one of the richest and oldest libraries in the world. The library contains 130,000 books, including precious manuscripts and the earliest-known architectural plan drawn on parchment, the famous Plan of Saint Gall. The Plan of Saint Gall was drawn in a scriptorium on the Monastic Island of Reichenau around the year 820. It is the only architectural plan in the world from the Carolingian period to have been preserved in its original condition. The Plan of Saint Gall does not correspondent to any place that was actually built, but it can be regarded as the plan of the ideal monastic architecture. Also one of the three complete versions of the Nibelungenlied are saved at the Abbey Library of Saint Gall. The Abbey of Saint Gall includes the bishop's palace, which is still occupied by the Bishop of St. Gallen today. The Abbey of Saint Gall gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

www.werelderfgoedfotos.nl   © Copyright   World Heritage Photos

Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The history of the Abbey of Saint Gall begins in the year 612 AD, when the wandering Irish monk Gallus built small...

Abbey of Saint Gall: The history of the Abbey of Saint Gall begins in the year 612 AD, when the wandering Irish monk Gallus built small oratory. Later, this oratory was replaced by an imposing church. The Abbey of Saint Gall was considered a good example of a Carolingian monastery. The Abbey of Saint Gall was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  1. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The history of the Abbey of Saint Gall begins in the year 612 AD, when the wandering Irish monk Gallus built small...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The history of the Abbey of Saint Gall begins in the year 612 AD, when the wandering Irish monk Gallus built small oratory. Later, this oratory was replaced by an imposing church. The Abbey of Saint Gall was considered a good example of a Carolingian monastery. The Abbey of Saint Gall was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  2. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The towers of the abbey seen from the courtyard of the Bishop's Palace, the palace is still occupied by the...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The towers of the abbey seen from the courtyard of the Bishop's Palace, the palace is still occupied by the Bishop of St. Gallen. The Abbey of Saint Gall was founded in 719, on the spot where the Irish monk Gallus built his hermitage and oratory in 612. The Abbey of Saint Gall grew into an important school of learning and has been a cultural centre for centuries.

  3. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The abbey buildings are adorned with green weathered copper gargoyles. From its founding in the 8th century until its...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The abbey buildings are adorned with green weathered copper gargoyles. From its founding in the 8th century until its dissolution in 1805, the Abbey of Saint Gall was one of the most important monasteries in Europe. In the period 1755-1768, the original Carolingian church was rebuilt in the Baroque style. The Abbey of Saint Gall is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  4. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The Cathedral of Saint Gall is decorated in the late Baroque style. The frescoes are almost entirely the work of one...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The Cathedral of Saint Gall is decorated in the late Baroque style. The frescoes are almost entirely the work of one artist, Josef Wannemacher, he also painted the frescoes in the library. The Cathedral of Saint Gall is considered the most beautiful baroque church in Switzerland.

  5. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The main organ was built during the restoration of the abbey in the period 1961-1967. The abbey church was rebuilt in...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The main organ was built during the restoration of the abbey in the period 1961-1967. The abbey church was rebuilt in the Baroque style, only the foundations and some architectural elements remain from the original Carolingian church. The frescoes on the ceiling were painted by the German artist Josef Wannemacher in the 18th century.

  6. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The impressive abbey complex, together with the cathedral and library, is a splendid testimony to the Late Baroque...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The impressive abbey complex, together with the cathedral and library, is a splendid testimony to the Late Baroque flowering of the Abbey of Saint Gall. The cathedral is decorated with frescoes from 1757-1766. The huge central cupola shows a vision of paradise, the Holy Trinity surrounded by apostles and saints, sitting upon concentric rings of clouds.

  7. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: Two huge copper holy water fonts in the Cathedral of Saint Gall. The abbey is situated in the historic centre of Sankt...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: Two huge copper holy water fonts in the Cathedral of Saint Gall. The abbey is situated in the historic centre of Sankt Gallen, the capital city of the canton of Sankt Gallen in the northeastern region of Switzerland. The town grew up around the Abbey of Saint Gall. The abbey includes the bishop's palace, which is still occupied by the Bishop of St. Gallen today. 

  8. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The carved walnut-wood confessional chairs in the cathedral. The Abbey Library of Saint Gall is one of the most important...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The carved walnut-wood confessional chairs in the cathedral. The Abbey Library of Saint Gall is one of the most important libraries in the world and nearly unrivaled in beauty. The architecture of the library is in the Baroque style, but is decorated in the Rococo style. It is not permitted to take any photos inside the Abbey Library of Saint Gall.

  9. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The pulpit is richly decorated. The abbey library contains 130,000 books, including precious and unique manuscripts. The...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The pulpit is richly decorated. The abbey library contains 130,000 books, including precious and unique manuscripts. The abbey archives contain an unique collection of early medieval documents, such as the earliest-known architectural plan drawn on parchment, the famous Plan of Saint Gall. 

  10. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: A part of the Plan of Saint Gall, the plan is an early medieval architecturul drawing on parchment. The plan is the...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: A part of the Plan of Saint Gall, the plan is an early medieval architecturul drawing on parchment. The plan is the earliest-known architectural plan drawn on parchment,  it was drawn on the Monastic Island of Reichenau around 820 AD. It is preserved in the Abbey Library of Saint Gall. The Plan of Saint Gall is considered a national treasure of Switzerland.

  11. Abbey of Saint Gall - Abbey of Saint Gall: The vaulted cellar of the abbey. The Lapidarium in the cellars of the Abbey of Saint Gall houses a collection of medieval...

    Abbey of Saint Gall: The vaulted cellar of the abbey. The Lapidarium in the cellars of the Abbey of Saint Gall houses a collection of medieval sculptures, capitals from the Carolingian period (750-900) as well as objects dating from the Ottonian period (900-1050) and objects from the 15th until the 17th centuries.