World Heritage Photos

Hortobágy National Park - Puszta

Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta is located in the Pannonian Plain in eastern Hungary, between the Tisza River and the City of Debrecen. The cultural landscape of Hortobágy - the Puszta consist of a spacious area with grass, wetlands and salty marshlands around the Tisza. The saltiness of the marshlands can probably be explained because the Pannonian Plain once was a large inland sea. Traditional forms of land use, such as livestock grazing, is practised for more than two centuries. The Hungarian longhorn cows and the racka sheep have dominated the Hungarian puszta for centuries. The most important buildings in the plains of the Hortobágy Puszta are the csárdas (provincial inns), stone bridges, shepherd's huts, farms and the typical draw wells. The longest stone bridge in Hungary is located at Hortobágy. Hortobágy National Park was the first Hungarian national park. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

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Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - A typical draw well in the puszta in Hortobágy. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta, is situated in eastern Hungary. The most...

A typical draw well in the puszta in Hortobágy. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta, is situated in eastern Hungary. The most important buildings in the plains of the Hortobágy Puszta are the csárdas, the provincial inns, shepherd's huts, farms and typical draw wells. The visitor centre of the national park is situated in the small village of Hortobágy, about 180 km east of Budapest. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta gained the status as UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

  1. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - A typical draw well in the puszta in Hortobágy. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta, is situated in eastern Hungary. The most...

    A typical draw well in the puszta in Hortobágy. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta, is situated in eastern Hungary. The most important buildings in the plains of the Hortobágy Puszta are the csárdas, the provincial inns, shepherd's huts, farms and typical draw wells. The visitor centre of the national park is situated in the small village of Hortobágy, about 180 km east of Budapest. Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta gained the status as UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

  2. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: The Puszta is the largest protected grassland of Europe. The Puszta is home to an unique...

    Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: The Puszta is the largest protected grassland of Europe. The Puszta is home to an unique flora and fauna, it is an important bird area. Numerous rare bird species nest on the Puszta. In autumn, more than 100,000 cranes rest in the park before migrating to Africa. In the 19th century, several fish ponds were created, favorite locations to observe the migratory birds.  The crane is the symbol of Hortobágy National Park.

  3. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: The cultural landscape of Hortobágy - the Puszta consist of a spacious area of...

    Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: The cultural landscape of Hortobágy - the Puszta consist of a spacious area of grassy plains and wetlands around the River Tisza. Traditional forms of land use, such as the grazing of livestock, is practised for more than two centuries. Hortobágy - the Puszta is one of the most expansive protected landscapes of Hungary. During the hot and dry summers, the grass on the Puszta turns brown and yellow.

  4. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: Shepherds and their dogs still roam the puszta as they have done for centuries and the...

    Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: Shepherds and their dogs still roam the puszta as they have done for centuries and the traditions of the csikós, the wild Hungarian horseman, still live on in the puszta. The Hungarian longhorn cows and the racka sheep with their spiral shaped horns, have dominated the Hungarian puszta for several centuries. Przewalski's horses were reintroduced in the Hortobágy National Park. There are also attempts to revive the aurochs.

  5. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: A shepherd's hut and typical draw well in the Puszta, the driest and sunniest part of...

    Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: A shepherd's hut and typical draw well in the Puszta, the driest and sunniest part of Hungary. The 20th century agricultural revolution has dramatically changed the landscape of the Hungarian puszta forever, the preserved parts of the Hortobágy Puszta with its steppes, draw wells, farms and shepherd's huts, are only a reminder of an older Hungary. Hortobágy National Park is the first Hungarian national park.

  6. Hortobágy National Park - Puszta - Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: A beautiful sunset on the Puszta. The Hungarian Puszta is dotted with small farmhouses,...

    Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta: A beautiful sunset on the Puszta. The Hungarian Puszta is dotted with small farmhouses, shepherd's huts and traditional T-shaped sweep wells, a typical draw well. The T-shaped sweep wells are also called sweep pole wells. These water wells have become the symbol of the Hungarian Puszta. For centuries, the Hungarian puszta was used for livestock grazing, but large parts now have been cultivated for agriculture.