World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg

Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: Salzburg is located in the Salzkammergut region, the city lies on the banks of the Salzach River in the beautiful setting of the Alps in Austria. Salzburg was the meeting-point of northern and southern Europe. Salzburg developed over the period from the Middle Ages to the 19th century when it was a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop. The Historic City of Salzburg is dominated by the Fortress Hohensalzburg, located on top of the Mönchsberg Mountain. The construction of the Hohensalzburg began in 1077. It was the seat of the prince-archbishops of Salzburg. The historic centre of Salzburg is famous for its Baroque churches and towers, most of them were designed by the Italian architects Santino Solari and Vincenzo Scamozzi, such as the Baroque Salzburg Cathedral. The famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756. Nowadays, his birth house is a museum. The life of the family von Trapp, known from the musical 'The Sound of Music', is strongly connected with that of the City of Salzburg. The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996. 

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Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - The Hohensalzburg offers breath-taking views of the city of Salzburg, the cathedral and the Alps. The Hohensalzburg is situated on the top...

The Hohensalzburg offers breath-taking views of the city of Salzburg, the cathedral and the Alps. The Hohensalzburg is situated on the top of the Mönchsberg Mountain, in the historic centre of Salzburg. Salzburg is situated on the banks of the Salzach River in the Austrian Alps. Salzburg is the city of Mozart and the Sound of Music. The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  1. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - The Hohensalzburg offers breath-taking views of the city of Salzburg, the cathedral and the Alps. The Hohensalzburg is situated on the top...

    The Hohensalzburg offers breath-taking views of the city of Salzburg, the cathedral and the Alps. The Hohensalzburg is situated on the top of the Mönchsberg Mountain, in the historic centre of Salzburg. Salzburg is situated on the banks of the Salzach River in the Austrian Alps. Salzburg is the city of Mozart and the Sound of Music. The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  2. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The entrance into the Hohensalzburg, the fortress is one of the largest existing 11th century...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The entrance into the Hohensalzburg, the fortress is one of the largest existing 11th century fortresses in Europe. The fortress was the seat of the prince-archbishops when Salzburg was a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop. The Hohensalzburg was a centre of political power in the days of the prince-archbishops. The regency rooms are among the highlights of the Hohensalzburg Fortress.

  3. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The construction of the Hohensalzburg Fortress started in 1077. The towers and walls were built in 1462....

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The construction of the Hohensalzburg Fortress started in 1077. The towers and walls were built in 1462. During the Thirty Years' War, the fortress was strengthened. The Hohensalzburg is the largest unconquered fortress in Europe. In the 19th century, the Hohensalzburg was used as a storage depot and dungeon, it was abandoned as a military post in 1861. During WWI, it was used as a prison, holding Italian prisoners of war.

  4. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The cieling in the Golden Hall, one of the regency rooms of the Hohensalzburg. The Golden...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The cieling in the Golden Hall, one of the regency rooms of the Hohensalzburg. The Golden Parlour Room and Golden Hall are decorated with blue and red paintings and gold plated woodcarvings. In the Golden Parlour Room stands a giant ceramic stove dating from 1501. The regency rooms of the Hohensalzburg are among some of the most beautiful gothic secular chambers in Europe.

  5. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: Nowadays, the Hohensalzburg houses several museums. The Fortress Museum houses memorabilia of the...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: Nowadays, the Hohensalzburg houses several museums. The Fortress Museum houses memorabilia of the archbishops, many weapons and instruments. The Rainer Regiment Museum houses weapons, flags and uniforms of the Rainer regiment that fought against the Ottomans in the 17th century. The Hohensalzburg Fortress also houses the small Marionettes Museum.

  6. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: A magnificent view of Salzburg Cathedral. The Baroque Salzburg Cathedral was built in the 17th century...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: A magnificent view of Salzburg Cathedral. The Baroque Salzburg Cathedral was built in the 17th century partially on the foundations of an older basilica. The cathedral was designed by the Italian architects Santino Solari and Vincenzo Scamozzi. The cathedral is dedicated to Saint Rupert of Salzburg. During WWII, the dome was destroyed by an aerial bomb, the dome was restored in 1959.

  7. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The decorated vaulted ceiling of Salzburg Cathedral. The Baroque Salzburg Cathedral still houses...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The decorated vaulted ceiling of Salzburg Cathedral. The Baroque Salzburg Cathedral still houses the baptismal font in which the most famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Josephus Mohr were baptized. Josephus Mohr was a priest, he wrote the words to the most famous Christmas carol in the world: Silent Night, Holy Night. The bronze baptismal font dates from 1311. The bronze lions at its base dates from 1200.

  8. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The birth house of the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is one of the most visited tourist attractions in...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The birth house of the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Austria. The composer and pianist Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756. Nowadays, the birth house of Mozart is a museum. The most famous exhibits are the child violin of Mozart, his concert violin, his clavichord, his harpsichord, portraits and letters from the Mozart family.

  9. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The life of the von Trapp family is connected with that of Salzburg. The story of the von Trapp...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The life of the von Trapp family is connected with that of Salzburg. The story of the von Trapp family was told by the musical 'The Sound of Music'. 'The Sound of Music' was based on the memoirs of Maria von Trapp. Every year, many people visit the most important milestones of the life of the von Trapp family and the original film locations in the city of Salzburg used for the 'The Sound of Music'.

  10. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg:   A horse-drawn carriage in the streets of the historic city of Salzburg. Salzburg is well...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: A horse-drawn carriage in the streets of the historic city of Salzburg. Salzburg is well known as a city of arts and music. A festival of music and drama was founded in 1920, the Salzburger Festspiele. Since then, the famous festival has been held almost every year. Only in 1924, the festival had te be cancelled due to financial reasons. The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  11. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The Mozart Bridge across the Salzach River. The bridge has appeared in the musical 'The Sound of...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The Mozart Bridge across the Salzach River. The bridge has appeared in the musical 'The Sound of Music'. Behind the bridge lies the Kapuzinerkloster, the Capuchin Abbey. The Kapuzinerkloster and Kapuzinerkirche, the the Capuchin Church, are located on a mountain, the Kapuzinerberg, facing the old town of Salzburg. The Salzach River divedes the city in two parts, the left bank is the oldest part of the city.

  12. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The city of Salzburg was the meeting-point of northern and southern Europe. Salzburg developed over the...

    Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg: The city of Salzburg was the meeting-point of northern and southern Europe. Salzburg developed over the period from the Middle Ages to the 19th century when it was a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop. Now, the historic city centre of Salzburg is famous for its Baroque churches and towers, most of them were designed by the famous Italian architects Santini Solari en Vincenzo Scamozzi.