World Heritage Photos

Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg

City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: In 963 Count Siegfried built a castle on the Bock Rock. This castle was the birth of Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg is located on a strategic position. The Bourbons, the Habsburgs, the French, the Spanish and Prussians all wanted Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg was enlarged and strengthened over the years by its successive occupants. The City of Luxembourg was from the 16th century until 1867 one of the greatest fortified sites in Europe. The Bock fortifications and Petrusse casemates were built during the Spanish period in 1644. The casemates were enlarged and improved under the rule of France by the military engineer Vauban and under the rule of Austria in the 1730s and 1740s. In 1867 most of the fortifications were dismantled. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna and given to the King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was ruled by Dutch monarchs from 1815-1890. The King of the Netherlands remained Grand Duke of Luxembourg until his death in 1890. The Dutch throne passed to his daughter and only child Wilhelmina of Orange-Nassau, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg passed to a male heir of the Nassau Family. The City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

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Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: View from the 'Grund' to the Old Town of the City of Luxembourg. The...

City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: View from the 'Grund' to the Old Town of the City of Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In 963, Count Siegfried built a castle on the Bock Rock, this castle was the birth of Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg is situated on a strategic position, the city was from the 16th century until 1867 one of the greatest fortified sites in Europe. 

  1. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: View from the 'Grund' to the Old Town of the City of Luxembourg. The...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: View from the 'Grund' to the Old Town of the City of Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In 963, Count Siegfried built a castle on the Bock Rock, this castle was the birth of Luxembourg. The City of Luxembourg is situated on a strategic position, the city was from the 16th century until 1867 one of the greatest fortified sites in Europe. 

  2. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Bock fortifications offers a beautiful view of the Wenzel Wall and the...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Bock fortifications offers a beautiful view of the Wenzel Wall and the Jacob's Tower, the Dinselpuert. In 963 Count Siegfried built his Lucilinburhuc Castle on the Bock Rock, the little fortress was the birth of the Luxembourg, the remains of the Lucilinburhuc Castle were discovered in the Bock fortifications in 1993. The Bock fortifications are open to the public.

  3. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: Inside the Bock casemates. The first fortifications were built during the Spanish...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: Inside the Bock casemates. The first fortifications were built during the Spanish period in 1644. Extensions were carried out by the French engineer Vauban in 1684. An underground tunnel system of 23 km was built by the Austrians in the 18th century. It allowed to move soldiers and supplies without any risk from enemy fire.

  4. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: Old Quarters and Fortifications: A cannon inside the Bock casemates. The fortifications of the City of Luxembourg represent an...

    City of Luxembourg: Old Quarters and Fortifications: A cannon inside the Bock casemates. The fortifications of the City of Luxembourg represent an overview of military architecture of several centuries. The greatest engineers came from all over Europe, such as the military engineer Vauban, leaving their mark on the fortifications of the City of Luxembourg. The Bock casemates also served as an underground shelter fot the residents of the City of Luxembourg during WWII.

  5. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The so-called Hollow Tooth is the remaining part of a fortified gatehouse...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The so-called Hollow Tooth is the remaining part of a fortified gatehouse of a medieval castle on the Bock Rock. The central location of Luxembourg made both the city and the country of great strategic importance to numerous countries, the Bourbons, the Habsburgs, the French, the Spanish and Prussians all wanted Luxembourg. They made Luxembourg one of the strongest fortresses in Europe.

  6. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The upper part of Luxembourg City and the Bock fortifications. The self guided...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The upper part of Luxembourg City and the Bock fortifications. The self guided Wenzel Circular Walk is a good way to explore the City of Luxembourg in about two hours, it leads along the historic sights. The Wenzel Circular Walk is named after Wenceslas II, Duke of Luxembourg from 1383 to 1419. During his reign, the Wenzel wall was erected, the third ring wall of the city.

  7. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The upper part of Luxembourg City near the Grund Gate, the gate was built...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The upper part of Luxembourg City near the Grund Gate, the gate was built by the Spaniards in 1632. The upper part of the city is situated on the Block Rock, a steep rocky cliff above the Alzette River. The rock offers a natural fortification, the rock is surrounded on three sides by the Alzette River. The Bock Rock was already inhabited by the Romans and the Franks.

  8. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Grund Gate, a 17th century city gate. The City of Luxembourg was enlarged and...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Grund Gate, a 17th century city gate. The City of Luxembourg was enlarged and strengthened over the years by its successive occupants, such as the Bourbons, the Habsburgs, the French, the Spanish and Prussians. The City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications, gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994.

  9. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Stierchen Bridge is part of the Wenceslas Wall. The Stierchen Bridge was built...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Stierchen Bridge is part of the Wenceslas Wall. The Stierchen Bridge was built in the 14th century, it is a stone footbridge crossing the Alzette River. The Wenceslas Wall was built in the period 1383-1419 and named after Wenceslas II, Duke of Luxembourg. The Wenceslas Wall protected the lower part of Luxembourg, the wall had once 37 towers and 15 gates.

  10. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: Some of the oldest houses of the City of Luxembourg are situated in...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: Some of the oldest houses of the City of Luxembourg are situated in the Grund. The Grund is the lower part of the city, the Ville Basse. The Neumünster Abbey is also situated in the Grund, the Ground. The City of Luxembourg was regarded as the Gibraltar of the North, because of all the fortifications. In 1867, most of the fortifications were dismantled.

  11. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Petrusse casemates are situated along the Petrusse Valley. The Bock...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Petrusse casemates are situated along the Petrusse Valley. The Bock fortifications and Petrusse fortifications were built during the French and Spanish period in 1644. The fortifications were greatly expanded during the French period by Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, the chief military engineer of King Louis XIV. From 1684-1688 fortifications were built around Luxembourg.

  12. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Notre-Dame Cathedral. The Notre-Dame Cathedral was consecrated as the...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Notre-Dame Cathedral. The Notre-Dame Cathedral was consecrated as the Church of Our Lady, the church was elevated to the Notre-Dame Cathedral in 1870. The Notre-Dame is the only Cathedral in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The cathedral houses the 17th century statue of Mary the Consolatrix Afflictorum, the Comforter of the Afflicted, a patron saint Luxembourg.

  13. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Rham Plateau in the upper part of the City of Luxembourg and the Bock...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Rham Plateau in the upper part of the City of Luxembourg and the Bock casemates seen from the Grund, the Grund is the lower part of the City of Luxembourg and one of the oldest parts of the city. It is situated on the banks of the Alzette River. The upper part of the city is called Ville Haute. In the foreground, the spire of the Neumünster Abbey, a 17th century former Benedictine monastery.

  14. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Pont Adolphe, the Adolphe Bridge. The bridge was named after the Grand Duke...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Pont Adolphe, the Adolphe Bridge. The bridge was named after the Grand Duke Adolphe, who reigned Luxembourg from 1890 until 1905. The Adolphe Bridge was inaugurated in 1903. The Adolphe Bridge was once the largest stone bridge in the world. The bridge crosses the river Pétrusse, connecting the Ville Haute to the Gare quarter. The bridge is a national symbol of Luxembourg.

  15. Fortifications of the City of Luxembourg - City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Grand-Ducal Palace of Luxembourg was built in 1554. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was...

    City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications: The Grand-Ducal Palace of Luxembourg was built in 1554. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna and given to the King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was ruled by Dutch monarchs from 1815-1890, the King of the Netherlands remained Grand Duke of Luxembourg until his death in 1890. The Dutch throne passed to his only child, his daughter Wilhelmina, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg passed to a male heir of the Nassau Family.