World Heritage Photos

Völklingen Ironworks

The Völklingen Ironworks are located in Völklingen, a German town located about 14 km from Saarbrücken, not far from the border of France. Völklingen Ironworks is in Germany known as: Völklinger Hütte. The Völklingen Ironworks is the largest sintering-plant in the world. Today it is the only fully preserved ironworks from the 19th and 20th centuries. The blower hall is the centre of Völklingen Ironworks. Huge blowers generated an enormous mass of compressed air for the blast furnaces. The machines were driven by blast furnace gas. The blowers are unique in the world. During World War II thousands of men and women, especially from Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, Russia and the Netherlands, were employed at the Völklingen Ironworks, most of the workers were victims of hard labour. Völklingen Ironworks was closed down in 1986. Just like Zeche Zollverein, nowadays the Völklingen Ironworks is a place for exhibitions and events. Völklingen is located some 79 km south of the UNESCO World Heritage in Trier, about 125 km southeast of Luxembourg and 125 km northeast of about Nancy. Völklingen Ironworks was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994. World Heritage Art: Völklingen Ironworks and Völklinger Hütte 

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Völklingen Ironworks - The Völklingen Ironworks was one of the largest sintering-plants in the world. Today, it is the only fully preserved ironworks...

The Völklingen Ironworks was one of the largest sintering-plants in the world. Today, it is the only fully preserved ironworks from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Völklingen Ironworks are situated in the German town of Völklingen, on the banks of the river Saar, some ten km west of Saarbrücken. The Völklingen Ironworks was declared an UNESCO World Heritage.

  1. Völklingen Ironworks - The Völklingen Ironworks was one of the largest sintering-plants in the world. Today, it is the only fully preserved ironworks...

    The Völklingen Ironworks was one of the largest sintering-plants in the world. Today, it is the only fully preserved ironworks from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Völklingen Ironworks are situated in the German town of Völklingen, on the banks of the river Saar, some ten km west of Saarbrücken. The Völklingen Ironworks was declared an UNESCO World Heritage.

  2. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The construction of the sintering plant was completed in 1928. For a long time, it was one of the most...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The construction of the sintering plant was completed in 1928. For a long time, it was one of the most modern sintering plants in Europe and one of the largest of its time. In the sinter plant, the fine raw materials were prepared for use in the furnace. The Völklingen Ironworks was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.

  3. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: Each furnace has iron tapholes and slag tapholes. At the taphole level, the molten pig iron and slag were...

    Völklingen Ironworks: Each furnace has iron tapholes and slag tapholes. At the taphole level, the molten pig iron and slag were tapped from the blast furnaces. Slag is the glass-like byproduct of the smelting process. The first blast furnace was started in 1883. Four more blast furnaces were built in the period 1885-1893. The last blast furnace was built in 1903.

  4. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: A detail of a blast furnace. The gas blowers of the Völklingen Ironworks were the first gas blowers...

    Völklingen Ironworks: A detail of a blast furnace. The gas blowers of the Völklingen Ironworks were the first gas blowers in the world powered by blast furnace gas, gas blowers supplied the blast furnaces with combustion air, for increasing the temperature of the blast furnaces. In Germany, the Völklingen Ironworks is known as the Völklinger Hütte.

  5. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The coal silo dates from 1897. The enormous steel coal silo is one of the oldest constructions still...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The coal silo dates from 1897. The enormous steel coal silo is one of the oldest constructions still preserved at the Völklingen Ironworks. At the end of the 19th century, the Völklingen Ironworks became the largest producer of steel beams in Germany. During WWII, the production was switched to war materials, such as gun barrels and grenades.

  6. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The monorail cars ran along the top platform, situated 28 metres above ground level. The monorail cars filled the six...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The monorail cars ran along the top platform, situated 28 metres above ground level. The monorail cars filled the six blast furnaces with the raw materials. The iron ore came from Lorraine, but during WWI and WWII, the iron ore came from neutral Sweden, these imports from Sweden were very important for the German war industry.

  7. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: During WWII, over 12,000 men and women from Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Russia and the Netherlands...

    Völklingen Ironworks: During WWII, over 12,000 men and women from Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Russia and the Netherlands were employed at the Völklingen Ironworks, most of the workers were victims of hard labour, they worked under harsh conditions. After WWII, the owners of the ironworks were accused of war crimes and sentenced to seven years in prison.

  8. Völklingen Ironworks -  After WWII, the Völklingen Ironworks were confiscated by the French. In 1956, the Völklingen Ironworks returned into the hands of...

     After WWII, the Völklingen Ironworks were confiscated by the French. In 1956, the Völklingen Ironworks returned into the hands of the owners. In 1965, the Völklingen Ironworks employed more than 17,000 men and women, it was the largest number of people ever employed in the Völklingen Ironworks. In 1986, the ironworks was closed down and many people lost their job.

  9. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The burden shed was built in the period 1911-1913, it was once used to store the raw material. The...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The burden shed was built in the period 1911-1913, it was once used to store the raw material. The burden shed is one of the first large reinforced concrete buildings of its kind. The burden shed is measuring 1,000 m². Nowadays, the huge burden shed is a place for exhibitions. The Völklingen Ironworks was declared an UNESCO World Heritage. 

  10. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The Water Tower was built in the period 1917-1919, it is one of the first manifestations of a new industrial...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The Water Tower was built in the period 1917-1919, it is one of the first manifestations of a new industrial architectural design. At 45 metres above ground level, the blast furnace observation platform offers magnificent views over the Völklingen Ironworks and its surroundings. The Völklingen Ironworks was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1994. 

  11. Völklingen Ironworks - Völklingen Ironworks: The Gebläsehalle is the blower hall. The blower hall is the centre of the Völklingen Ironworks. Huge blowers...

    Völklingen Ironworks: The Gebläsehalle is the blower hall. The blower hall is the centre of the Völklingen Ironworks. Huge blowers generated an enormous mass of compressed air for the blast furnaces. The machines were driven by blast furnace gas. The blowers were unique in the world. Nowadays, the Völklingen Ironworks is a place for exhibitions and events.

  12. Völklingen Ironworks - After it had been closed down in 1986, the Völklingen Ironworks was declared a historicic and industrial monument, it is the only fully...

    After it had been closed down in 1986, the Völklingen Ironworks was declared a historicic and industrial monument, it is the only fully preserved ironworks from the peak of industrialisation in the world. The Völklingen Ironworks is a still a fascinating world of iron and steel. There are guided tours, but is also possible to explore the ironworks on your own.