World Heritage Photos

San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries

San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are located in San Millán de la Cogolla, near Burgos in Spain. The San Millán Suso Monastery was founded by San Millán in the 6th century. The monastery consists of hermits' caves and a church. The Yuso Monastery was founded in the 16th century. The sacristy of San Millán Yuso is considered as one of the most beautiful in Spain. The church is the pride of San Millán Yuso. During the fall and spring equinox, the sun shines through a rose window and then through the circle above this doorway to make a perfect circle of sunlight on the church floor of the monastery. The 'Glosas Emilianenses' was written in the Suso Monastery in the 9th and 10th centuries by a monk, he added marginal notes in Castilian and Basque, the first examples of written Spanish. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are considered to be the birthplace of the written and spoken Spanish language. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries became a place of pilgrimage in the 6th century. The monasteries are located along the famous 'Way of James' to Santiago de Compostela. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

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San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: In the 6th century the San Millán Suso Monastery was founded by the hermit San...

San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: In the 6th century the San Millán Suso Monastery was

founded by the hermit San Millán. The monastery consists of a few hermits' caves and a church

in Visigoth, Mozarabic and Romanesque style. The monastery church was built in honour of San

Millán. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are known as the birthplace of the Spanish

language. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are an UNESCO World Heritage.

  1. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: In the 6th century the San Millán Suso Monastery was founded by the hermit San...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: In the 6th century the San Millán Suso Monastery was

    founded by the hermit San Millán. The monastery consists of a few hermits' caves and a church

    in Visigoth, Mozarabic and Romanesque style. The monastery church was built in honour of San

    Millán. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are known as the birthplace of the Spanish

    language. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are an UNESCO World Heritage.

  2. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The San Millán Suso Monastery has two naves, separated by horseshoe arches. The...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The San Millán Suso Monastery has two naves,

    separated by horseshoe arches. The 'Glosas Emilianenses' was written in the Suso Monastery

    in the 9th and 10th centuries by a monk, he added marginal notes in Castilian and Basque, this

    is the first known example of written Spanish. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are

    considered to be the birthplace of the written and spoken Spanish language.

  3. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The San Millán Yuso Monastery is situated near the village of San Millán de la...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The San Millán Yuso Monastery is situated near the

    village of San Millán de la Cogolla near Burgos in Spain. The Yuso Monastery was founded

    by the king of Najera, it was built in the 16th century. The monastery church has three naves.

    The Yuso Monastery is situated in a valley, the Suso Monastery is situated on a wooded hill.

    Yuso means 'lower' and Suso means 'upper'.

  4. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The courtyard and Gothic cloister of San Millán Yuso. The main buildings of the...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The courtyard and Gothic cloister of San Millán Yuso.

    The main buildings of the San Millán Yuso Monastery were built around the Patio de la Luna,

    a small cloister, and the San Millán cloister, the main cloister. The San Millán Yuso and Suso

    Monasteries became an important place of pilgrimage in the 6th century. The San Millán Yuso

    and Suso Monasteries are located in the small village San Millán de la Cogolla.

  5. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The Royal Staircase in the San Millán Yuso Monastery. In the Middle Ages...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The Royal Staircase in the San Millán Yuso Monastery.

    In the Middle Ages the San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries became centres of cultural and

    political power, religious books were copied and illustrated. The library of the San Millán Yuso

    Monastery is conserved as it was at the end of the 18th century. It is one of the most important

    libraries in Spain and houses priceless books.

  6. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The decorated ceiling above the Royal Staircase in the San Millán Yuso Monastery....

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The decorated ceiling above the Royal Staircase in

    the San Millán Yuso Monastery. The Yuso Monastery was founded by the king of Najera in

    the 16th century. The Monarch's Chamber is situated near the Royal Staircase. The San

    Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are located along the Camino de Santiago, the pilgrim's

    route to Santiago de Compostela, also known as the Way of James.

  7. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The church is the pride of San Millán Yuso and was built between 1504 and 1540. The...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The church is the pride of San Millán Yuso and was

    built between 1504 and 1540. The golden doors creates a separation between two parts of the

    church. Behind the doors is the large altarpiece 'Retablo Mayor'. During the fall and the spring

    equinox, the sun shines through a rose window and then through the circle above the doorway 

    to make a perfect circle of sunlight on the church floor of the San Millán Yuso Monastery.

  8. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The sacristy of the San Millán Yuso Monastery dates to the 16th century. The...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The sacristy of the San Millán Yuso Monastery dates

    to the 16th century. The sacristy is dedicated to Our Lady. The ceiling of the sacristy is adorned

    with 18th century frescoes, the floor is made of alabaster. The colour fastness of the frescoes

    on the ceiling is remarkable. The sacristy of the San Millán Yuso Monastery is considered as

    one of the most beautiful sacristies in Spain.

  9. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: A detail of the ceiling frescoes of sacristy of the San Millán Yuso Monastery. San...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: A detail of the ceiling frescoes of sacristy of the San

    Millán Yuso Monastery. San Millán Yuso is still in use as a monastery, it is occupied by a small

    community of Augustinian monks, a part of the monastery building has now been converted

    into a hotel. The San Millán Suso Monastery was already abandoned in the 19th century. The

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries were declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

  10. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: This 11th century chest was made for the relics of San Millán. It was decorated with...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: This 11th century chest was made for the relics of

    San Millán. It was decorated with 24 ivory panels. The ivory panels, gold and precious stones 

    were stolen by soldiers of the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1809.  In the oratory of the San

    Millán Monastery remain thirteen original ivory panels. In the 14th century, the monastery was

    also sacked by the English Prince Edward of Woodstock, later known as the Black Prince.

  11. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The ivory panels of the original relic chest of San Millán were stolen by soldiers...

    San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries: The ivory panels of the original relic chest of San

    Millán were stolen by soldiers of the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1809. A new chest

    was made for the relics of San Millán. The ivory panels represent the life of the hermit

    San Millán, the founder of the San Millán Suso Monastery. This relic chest is housed in

    the San Millán Yuso Monastery.

  12. San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries - The San Millán Yuso Monastery (lower monastery) seen the from San Millán Suso Monastery (upper monastery). The San...

    The San Millán Yuso Monastery (lower monastery) seen the from San Millán Suso Monastery

    (upper monastery). The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries are located in the small village

    of San Millán de la Cogolla, near Burgos in Spain. The monasteries can only visited by guided

    tour. The San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries were declared an UNESCO World Heritage

    and inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.