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Archaeological Site of Mycenae

The Archaeological Site of Mycenae is situated on the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. In the 2nd millennium BC Mycenae was one of the major centres of the Greek civilisation. Mycenae is mentioned by the epic poet Homer. Many expert did not think Mycenae really existed until it was discovered in 1870. Heinrich Schliemann started the complete excavations at Mycenae in 1874. Mycenae dates from 1700 BC to 1100  BC. The citadel of Mycenae was surrounded by a cyclopean wall made of huge limestone boulders, the ancient Greeks believed that the wall was made by Cyclops. The Lions Gate was the main entrance to the citadel of Mycenae. Just like the Acropolis of Athens and the hill fort of Tiryns Mycenae had its own underground water supply which could be used during a siege. The famous tholos known as the Treasury of Atreus dates from the 14th century BC. The Treasury of Atreus is also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon. Agamemnon was the legendary King of Mycenae. The Mycenae Archaeological Museum is situated on the Archaeological Site of Mycenae. The museum houses artifacts found during excavations at the Archaeological Site of Mycenae, but many objects were taken to the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Mycenae is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site: Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns. The Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1999.

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Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Treasury of Atreus in the ancient city of Mycenae dates from about the 14th century BC. A 36 metres long...

Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Treasury of Atreus in the ancient city of Mycenae dates from about the 14th century BC. A 36 metres long path leads to the entrance of the beehive shaped tomb. Above the entrance is a triangle air intake. The Treasury of Atreus is 13.5 metres high and has a diameter of 14.5 metres. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs about 120 tons. The Treasury of Atreus is also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon.

  1. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Treasury of Atreus in the ancient city of Mycenae dates from about the 14th century BC. A 36 metres long...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Treasury of Atreus in the ancient city of Mycenae dates from about the 14th century BC. A 36 metres long path leads to the entrance of the beehive shaped tomb. Above the entrance is a triangle air intake. The Treasury of Atreus is 13.5 metres high and has a diameter of 14.5 metres. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs about 120 tons. The Treasury of Atreus is also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon.

  2. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Lion Gate is the main entrance to the fortified citadel of Mycenae. The Lion Gate was already excavated...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Lion Gate is the main entrance to the fortified citadel of Mycenae. The Lion Gate was already excavated and restored in 1841 by a Greek archaeologist. The German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann started the complete excavations at Mycenae In 1874, he hoped to find the grave of Agamemnon, the legendary king of Mycenae. Mycenae had at least two entrances, the famous Lion Gate and North Gate, a secondary gate.

  3. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The top of the Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus has collapsed. The Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus (also Aigisthos) is...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The top of the Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus has collapsed. The Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus (also Aigisthos) is one of the earliest tombs of Mycenae, it was built in the 15th century BC outside the walls of Mycenae. Nine royal tombs were built around Mycenae in the 15th and 14th centuries BC. The most imposing are the Treasury of Atreus and the Tomb of Clytemnestra. The Archaeological Site of Mycenae is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  4. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus, also known as Aigisthos. The tholos tomb is dated from around 1470 BC....

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The Tholos Tomb of Aegisthus, also known as Aigisthos. The tholos tomb is dated from around 1470 BC. Aegisthus was the lover of Clytemnestra, queen consort of Agamemnon. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and commander of the Greek army in the Trojan War. The tholoi were the burial vaults for the upper class of Mycenae. The tholoi are situated outside the citadel of Mycenae.

  5. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: Air intake above the entrance of the Tomb of Clytemnestra. The Tomb of Clytemnestra is one of the later...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: Air intake above the entrance of the Tomb of Clytemnestra. The Tomb of Clytemnestra is one of the later tholos tombs of Mycenae, the tholos was built between 1300 and 1220 BC. Clytemnestra was the queen consort of Agamemnon, the king of Mycenae. Although known as the tomb of Clytemnestra, archaeologists are not sure if this is the real tomb of Queen Clytemnestra, it is believed so because of the golden jewelry found inside the tomb.

  6. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: View of the lower city from the citadel of Mycenae. Mycenae is situated on the Peloponnese peninsula in...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: View of the lower city from the citadel of Mycenae. Mycenae is situated on the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece, situated on the top of a hill overlooking the fertile plains of Argolis. The remains of Mycenae are surrounded by olive groves. Olive oil was an important product during the Mycenaean period, the Greek poet Homer referred to olive oil as 'liquid gold'. Heinrich Schliemann undertook the excavations at Mycenae in 1874.

  7. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The secret passage to an underground cistern, the entrance has a typical triangular...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The secret passage to an underground cistern, the entrance has a typical triangular shape. A steep stairway leads down to a small basin which was supplied with fresh water from the Perseia Spring, it was was named after the legendary founder of Mycenae, King Perseus. While under siege, the citadel of Mycenae had its own fresh water supply, this was very important to survive. The cistern is situated close to the North Gate.

  8. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The roof of the tholos collapsed a long time ago. Mycenaeans buried their deceased nobles in large beehive...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The roof of the tholos collapsed a long time ago. Mycenaeans buried their deceased nobles in large beehive shaped tombs, called tholos tombs. Tholoi were large circular buildings with a conical roof. After the first excavations in Troy in 1870, Heinrich Schliemann started excavations at Mycenae in 1874, he hoped to find the grave Agamemnon, the legendary king of Homer's great epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.

  9. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The inside of the impressive tomb of the Treasury of Atreus. The Treasury of Atreus is a tholos...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The inside of the impressive tomb of the Treasury of Atreus. The Treasury of Atreus is a tholos tomb. A tholos tomb is a circular beehive shaped structure, the top of the tholos was closed with a single stone. A tholos tomb was built without the use of mortar. The structure was covered by a layer of earth. Archaeological Mycenae is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site: Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns.

  10. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The walled enclosure contains six shaft graves, where nineteen bodies were buried. The shaft...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The walled enclosure contains six shaft graves, where nineteen bodies were buried. The shaft graves were excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876. Among the found objects were gold death masks, one of the masks became known as the 'Death Mask of Agamemnon', it is one of the most famous artefacts from the Greek Bronze Age. The mask adorned one of the bodies in the shaft graves. Mycenae dates from 1700 BC to 1100 BC.

  11. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The golden 'Death Mask of Agamemnon' is one of the most famous artefacts from the Greek Bronze Age. The...

    Archaeological Site of Mycenae: The golden 'Death Mask of Agamemnon' is one of the most famous artefacts from the Greek Bronze Age. The original mask is exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, a replica is on display at the Archaeological Museum of Ancient Mycenae. The museum houses artifacts that were found during the excavations at the Archaeological Site of Mycenae. The poet Homer described the city as: 'Mycenae, rich in gold'.

  12. Archaeological Site of Mycenae - Mycenae dominated the Peloponnese, a peninsula in southern Greece. The citadel of Mycenae was a military stronghold. Just like Tiryns,...

    Mycenae dominated the Peloponnese, a peninsula in southern Greece. The citadel of Mycenae was a military stronghold. Just like Tiryns, the citadel was surrounded by a cyclopean wall made of huge limestone boulders, the ancient Greeks believed that the wall was made by Cyclops, the cyclopean walls were most characteristic for the Mycenaean architecture. Only the upper class inhabited the citadel of Mycenae, the ordinary people lived outside the cyclopean wall.