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Archaeological Site of Olympia

Archaeological Site of Olympia: Olympia is situated on the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. Olympia became a sanctuary for the worship of Zeus in the 10th century BC. Olympia is the birthplace of the Olympic Games. The Olympic Games were held every four years in honour of Zeus, beginning in 776 BC. The ancient Olympic Games continued uninterruptedly for nearly twelve centuries until Emperor Theodosius I banned the 'pagan cults' in 394. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. The Archaeological Site of Olympia has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces of the ancient Greek world. The Archaeological Site of Olympia holds the remains of several temples and sports structures erected for the Olympic Games. Every four years, the flame for the modern Olympic Games begins its journey from ancient Olympia. The Museum of Olympia houses artifacts found in the Archaeological Site of Olympia. The museum is one of the most important museums in Greece, it is situated on the Archaeological Site of Olympia. The Archaeological Site of Olympia is situated some 50 km from the temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae. The Archaeological Site of Olympia gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1989.

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Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: ThePhilippeion was built by Philip II of Macedon around 338 BC. The Philippeion is a circular building in the...

Archaeological Site of Olympia: ThePhilippeion was built by Philip II of Macedon around 338 BC. The Philippeion is a circular building in the Ionic style. The Archaeological Site of Olympia has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces of the ancient Greek world. Olympia is one of the most important ancient Greek sanctuaries. The Archaeological Site of Olympia was declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989.

  1. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: ThePhilippeion was built by Philip II of Macedon around 338 BC. The Philippeion is a circular building in the...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: ThePhilippeion was built by Philip II of Macedon around 338 BC. The Philippeion is a circular building in the Ionic style. The Archaeological Site of Olympia has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces of the ancient Greek world. Olympia is one of the most important ancient Greek sanctuaries. The Archaeological Site of Olympia was declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989.

  2. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: A pretty pink flowering Judas tree in the Palaestra of Olympia. The Palaestra was the wrestling...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: A pretty pink flowering Judas tree in the Palaestra of Olympia. The Palaestra was the wrestling school where competitors were required to train. Olympia was a sanctuary with a collection of temples, houses for the priests, guest houses, baths, areas for the athletes and auxiliary buildings. The sanctuary, known as the Atlis, the sacred grove of Zeus, was dedicated to Zeus, the king of the gods.

  3. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Olympia Stadium dates from the 5th century BC. This is the site of the ancient Olympic Games....

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Olympia Stadium dates from the 5th century BC. This is the site of the ancient Olympic Games. The start and finish were marked with a line of marble slabs. The stadium track was made of clay. The distance between the starting line to the finish is exact 192.29 metres. The stadium of Olympia was enclosed on all four sides and could accommodate 45.000 spectators.

  4. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Exedra was a stone platform in the Olympia Stadium. The Exedra was reserved for dignitaries, the other...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Exedra was a stone platform in the Olympia Stadium. The Exedra was reserved for dignitaries, the other spectators sat on the ground. The first Olympic Games were held in honour of Zeus in 776 BC. The Olympic Games were banned by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I in 394 AD. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896.

  5. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: Doric columns of the Palaestra, the wrestling school. It was a square building, the inner courtyard was...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: Doric columns of the Palaestra, the wrestling school. It was a square building, the inner courtyard was surrounded by a collonade. The Palaestra was built in the 3th century BC as part of the gymnasium complex. Each side of the Palaestra was about  66 metres long. Today, the ancient building is in ruins, many columns are completely destroyed.

  6. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Doric columns of the Palaestra or the wrestling school. The archaeological site of Olympia includes the...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Doric columns of the Palaestra or the wrestling school. The archaeological site of Olympia includes the remains of several temples and sports structures erected for the ancient Olympic Games. Olympia was partly destroyed in the 3th century. In the 6th century, an earthquake destroyed the buildings, Now, only the ruins of the buildings remain.

  7. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The ruins of the workshop of Phidias, in this workshop Phidias created the statue of Zeus, which is...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The ruins of the workshop of Phidias, in this workshop Phidias created the statue of Zeus, which is considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, unfortunately, the statue of Zeus no longer exists. Between 435 AD and 451 AD, an early Christian Basilica was erected over the ruined foundations of Phidias' workshop. The basilica was destroyed by an earthquake in 551 AD.

  8. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Museum of Olympia: These clay moulds were used to shape the golden plates for the statue of Zeus, they were found in the...

    Archaeological Museum of Olympia: These clay moulds were used to shape the golden plates for the statue of Zeus, they were found in the workshop of Phidias. The workshop of Phidias was excavated in the 1950s, archaeologists found sculptor's tools, modelling plaster, the clay moulds and a pit for casting bronze. The moulds are on display in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia, an important museum in Greece, situated at the Archaeological Site of Olympia.

  9. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Temple of Hera and the altar where the Olympic flame is lit by the sun. The temple  was erected around...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Temple of Hera and the altar where the Olympic flame is lit by the sun. The temple  was erected around 590 BC. It was one of the earliest Doric temples in Greece. The temple was dedicated to Hera, the queen of the Greek gods. In the 4th century, the temple was destroyed by an earthquake. In the present day, the torch of the Olympic flame is lit in the ruins of the Temple of Hera.

  10. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Krypte is the official entrance to the stadium of Olympia. The vaulted entrance was 32 metres long, it was...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Krypte is the official entrance to the stadium of Olympia. The vaulted entrance was 32 metres long, it was built in the late 3th century BC. The Krypte was only used by the Olympic officials and the athletes. The ancient stadium of Olympia was the first stadium ever built. Olympia is the birthplace of the Olympic Games. The Olympic Games were held every four years in honour of the ancient Greek god Zeus, beginning in 776 BC.

  11. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The remains of the Temple of Zeus, the most important building at Olympia. Ancient Olympia was dedicated to...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The remains of the Temple of Zeus, the most important building at Olympia. Ancient Olympia was dedicated to Zeus, the king of the gods of the ancient Greeks. The first ancient Olympic Games in 776 BC were dedicated to Zeus. The ancient Olympic Games continued uninterruptedly for almost twelve centuries until Emperor Theodosius I banned the 'pagan cults' in 394.

  12. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The statue of Nike of Paionios once stood on this obelisk, the statue depicts a winged woman. The...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The statue of Nike of Paionios once stood on this obelisk, the statue depicts a winged woman. The triangular-shaped obelisk was 8.81 metres high. Together, the obelisk and the statue are nearly eleven metres high. The statue of Nike is the work of the sculptor Paionios. Nowadays, the statue is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia. The Archaeological Site of Olympia is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  13. Archaeological Site of Olympia - The statue of Nike of Paionios is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia, it is cut from Parian marble, the statue is 2.12 metres...

    The statue of Nike of Paionios is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia, it is cut from Parian marble, the statue is 2.12 metres high. It dates from 421 BC. The Archaeological Museum of Olympia is one of the most important museums of Greece, the museum is situated on the Archaeological Site of Olympia. The Archaeological Museum of Olympia houses artifacts found in the Archaeological Site of Olympia.

  14. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC did not affected the Ancient Olympic Games. Roman Emperors...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: The Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC did not affected the Ancient Olympic Games. Roman Emperors were supporters of the sanctuary and the Olympic Games. Several buildings were erected, such as baths and hostels. The Ancient Olympic Games were held for the last time in 393 AD. In the 6th century, a severe earthquake destroyed Ancient Olympia. Around 425 AD, a Christian community settled in the ruins of the temples.

  15. Archaeological Site of Olympia - Archaeological Site of Olympia: Springtime in Ancient Olympia, Judas trees in full bloom. Ancient Olympia was abondoned in the 7th century,...

    Archaeological Site of Olympia: Springtime in Ancient Olympia, Judas trees in full bloom. Ancient Olympia was abondoned in the 7th century, the first major archaeological excavations started in 1875. Ancient Olympia lies within walking distance of the modern town of Olympia. It is situated at the west end of the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. The Archaeological Site of Olympia was declared as UNESCO World Heritage in 1989.