World Heritage Photos

Würzburg Residence

The Würzburg Residence is one of the largest and most beautiful Baroque palaces in Germany. The Würzburg Residence was built in the period 1720-1744 by the Prince Bishops Johann Philipp Franz von Schonbörn and Friedrich Carl von Schonbörn. The court architect Balthasar Neumann was ordered to prepare plans for the residence, he supervised the construction of the Würzburg Residence. Balthasar Neumann was one of the most famous German architects of his time, he designed buildings, such as Augustusburg Castle and the New Town Hall of Bamberg. The design of the Würzburg Residence is a sublime combination of western architecture of that time, it was based on the Palace of Versailles, the Baroque architecture of Vienna  and the architecture of northen Italy. It took years to decorate the Würzburg Residence. The Old Master Giovanni Battista Tiepolo painted the frescoes on the walls and ceiling of the Imperial staircase and 'Kaisersaal', the Imperial Hall. The famous Imperial Staircase with its unsupported vaulted ceiling contains the largest ceiling frescoe in the world (18 x 30 metres). The staircase with the famous frescoe of Tiepolo survived the bombing of Würzburg in WWII, the mirror cabinet was completely destroyed, based on a preserved mirror fragment and numerous photos, the mirror cabinet was reconstructed in 1979-1987. The Court chapel is one of the most perfect 18th century religious buildings in Germany. The Würzburg Residence is surrounded by gardens, adorned with garden statues, mostly of Chinese and Moorish children and vases. The Würzburg Residence Court Gardens are a masterpiece of garden design. The Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square gained the status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.

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Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The Frankonia Fountain in the Cour d'Honneur, the Residence Square. The residence and the Town of...

Würzburg Residence: The Frankonia Fountain in the Cour d'Honneur, the Residence Square.

The residence and the Town of Würzburg are separated from each other by the enormous

Residence Square. The Frankonia Fountain was created in 1894, in honour of prince regent

Luitpold, and is adorned with statues of historical figures. The Würzburg Residence with the

Court Gardens and the Residence Square was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.

  1. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The Frankonia Fountain in the Cour d'Honneur, the Residence Square. The residence and the Town of...

    Würzburg Residence: The Frankonia Fountain in the Cour d'Honneur, the Residence Square.

    The residence and the Town of Würzburg are separated from each other by the enormous

    Residence Square. The Frankonia Fountain was created in 1894, in honour of prince regent

    Luitpold, and is adorned with statues of historical figures. The Würzburg Residence with the

    Court Gardens and the Residence Square was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.

  2. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence and Court Gardens: View of the Imperial Hall from the East Garden. The Würzburg Residence...

    Würzburg Residence and Court Gardens: View of the Imperial Hall from the East Garden.

    The Würzburg Residence was created under the Prince Bishops Johann Philipp Franz von

    Schonbörn and Friedrich Carl von Schonbörn. The principal architect of the residence was

    Balthasar Neumann, he also supervised the building of the residence. The exterior was built

    in 1720-1744, but it took almost 40 years to complete the interior of the Würzburg Residence.

  3. Würzburg Residence - The design of the Würzburg Residence is a sublime combination of western architecture of that time, it was based on the...

    The design of the Würzburg Residence is a sublime combination of western architecture

    of that time, it was based on the Palace of Versailles, the Baroque architecture of Vienna

    and the architecture of northen Italy. One of the highlights of the Würzburg Residence is

    the Imperial staircase. The Venetian artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo painted the frescoes

    on the walls and the ceiling of the Imperial staircase and the Kaisersaal, the Imperial Hall.

  4. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The South Garden is characterized by several large yews. The Court Gardens were laid out in the...

    Würzburg Residence: The South Garden is characterized by several large yews. The Court

    Gardens were laid out in the period 1765-1780. Rare species of flowers and plants grow in

    the garden. The flower beds are surrounded by boxwood hedges and Taxus baccata pruned

    into cones or pyramids. Colourful flower beds are framing the South Garden. Many parts of

    the Würzburg Court Gardens have been restored to their original designs.

  5. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: In front of the beautiful east façade is a terraced garden decorated with several putti, small...

    Würzburg Residence: In front of the beautiful east façade is a terraced garden decorated

    with several putti, small statues of chubby infants. The Court Gardens of the Würzburg

    Residence are adorned with fountains, statues of putti, garden vases and two sculpture

    groups. The Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square gained

    status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.

  6. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: View across the East Garden. The total area of the Court Gardens is little more than three times that of the...

    Würzburg Residence: View across the East Garden. The total area of the Court Gardens is

    little more than three times that of the residence. The gardens were designed in the Baroque

    style. The Court Gardens are made up of three smaller gardens, the East Garden, the South

    Garden and kitchen garden. The gardens contains fountains, statues, potted plants, fruit trees,

    pergola walks and evergreens clipped into formal shapes.

  7. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: One of the most notable features of the residence is the Imperial staircase. An enormous fresco covers the entire...

    Würzburg Residence: One of the most notable features of the residence is the Imperial

    staircase. An enormous fresco covers the entire ceiling above the Imperial staircase, the

    fresco was made by the Venetian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo in 1753, it is one of

    the largest frescoes ever created. Tiepolo also decorated the 'Kaisersaal', the Imperial Hall.

    The 'Wiesser Saal', the White Hall, was the audience chamber, decorated by Antonio Bossi.

  8. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The East Garden, the cupola of the Imperial Hall in the background. During a bombing raid in March 1945,...

    Würzburg Residence: The East Garden, the cupola of the Imperial Hall in the background.

    During a bombing raid in March 1945, the residence was heavily damaged. The Imperial

    staircase and some rooms were spared. After WWII, the restoration of the residence started,

    the restoration took about forty years and was completed in 1987. The Würzburg Residence

    with the Court Gardens and Residence Square became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1981.

  9. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: A monumental staircase in the East Court Garden. The Mirror Cabinet is one of the most memorable rooms of the...

    Würzburg Residence: A monumental staircase in the East Court Garden.

    The Mirror Cabinet is one of the most memorable rooms of the residence, the cabinet is

    completely covered with mirrors, framed in gold leaf. The Mirror Cabinet was devastated

    during an air raid in WWII. Based on a preserved mirror fragment and numerous photos, 

    the Mirror Cabinet was reconstructed in 1979-1987. The cabinet looks like it once was.

  10. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The orangery with the kitchen garden in front of it. In the beginning of the 19th century a kitchen garden was...

    Würzburg Residence: The orangery with the kitchen garden in front of it. In the beginning

    of the 19th century a kitchen garden was laid out in the Court Gardens of the residence.

    The original design remained almost unchanged until the 1960s. The reconstruction of the

    kitchen garden of the residence took place in 1998-2001. The new fruit trees are cultivated

    according to traditional pruning and training methods.

  11. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The entrance of the Court Chapel with the Eye of Providence. The small Court Chapel or Hofkirche is lavishly...

    Würzburg Residence: The entrance of the Court Chapel with the Eye of Providence.

    The small Court Chapel or Hofkirche is lavishly decorated with marble sculptures, gold

    leaf, stucco and frescoes. The chapel was also designed by Neumann and decorated

    by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. The Court chapel is one of the most perfect 18th century

    religious buildings in Germany and is one of the highlights of the Würzburg Residence. 

  12. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: Th e Coat-of-arms of the Prince Bishops von Schonbörn above the entrance. The residence is one of the...

    Würzburg Residence: The Coat-of-arms of the Prince Bishops von Schonbörn above the

    entrance. The residence is one of the most important Baroque palaces in Europe. The more

    than 300 chambers were decorated by the most famous artists of that time. The Würzburg

    Residence is decorated with impressive frescoes, tapestries and extravagant furniture. The

    rooms are only accessible by guided tour. Photography inside the residence is not allowed.

  13. Würzburg Residence - Würzburg Residence: The Court Gardens can be entered through wrought-iron-gates, they are situated on the east side of the Cour...

    Würzburg Residence: The Court Gardens can be entered through wrought-iron-gates,

    they are situated on the east side of the Cour d'Honneur, the large Residence Square

    in front of the Würzburg Residence, the square measures 200 metres by 100 metres.

    The Court Gardens are situated at the edge of the fortified town walls of Würzburg.

    The gardens were laid out on three terraces, the highest terrace meets the town walls.