World Heritage Photos

Monastery of Batalha

The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385. The construction started in 1388 and lasted two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha was the main church of the monarchy of Portugal for two centuries. It is built of ochre limestone and decorated with numerous elaborate sculptures. The monastery of Batalha is one of the great masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline styles in Portugal. The English Gothic style, also known as the Perpendicular style, also has influenced the art and architecture of the monastery. The Founder's Chapel was built in 1426-1434, the chapel houses the tombs of King João I, his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster and the tombs of four of their sons, including the tomb of their most famous son Prince Henry the Navigator. The square Chapter House is 19 metres long on each side. The huge Gothic vault of the Chapter House is remarkable for having no central supports, a daring concept at the time. The Monastery of Batalha has a few stained glass windows dating from 1514. The Unfinished Chapels remain as a testimony of the fact that the Monastery of Batalha was never completely finished, because in the beginning of 16th century the attention of the monarchs was fixated to another great masterpiece, the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon. The Monastery of Batalha is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal and a main historic destination in Portugal. The Monastery of Batalha gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

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Monastery of Batalha - The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of...

The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the

Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of the masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and

Manueline styles in Portugal. The construction of the Monastery of Batalha started in 1388

and lasted two centuries. The monastery was the main church of the Portuguese monarchy

for two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  1. Monastery of Batalha - The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of...

    The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the

    Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of the masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and

    Manueline styles in Portugal. The construction of the Monastery of Batalha started in 1388

    and lasted two centuries. The monastery was the main church of the Portuguese monarchy

    for two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  2. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The main portal is adorned with statues of the apostles, angels, saints and the Old Testament Kings, one of the...

    Monastery of Batalha: The main portal is adorned with statues of the apostles, angels, saints

    and the Old Testament Kings, one of the apostles is standing on a chained devil. In the center

    of the tympanum is the figure of God seated on a throne. The main portal is an unique piece

    of art in the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline style. The Monastery of Batalha was built of

    limestone from nearby Porto de Mós, the limestone turned pale ochre in the course of time.

  3. Monastery of Batalha - The English Gothic style, the so-called Perpendicular style, has influenced the architecture of the Monastery of Batalha. The...

    The English Gothic style, the so-called Perpendicular style, has influenced the architecture

    of the Monastery of Batalha. The Gothic lavabo dates from 1450.  The lavabo has a fountain

    and two smaller basins above. The lavabo, the cloister fountain, was used for the ceremonial

    washing of the hands.  The sculpted lavabo is situated in the northwestern corner of Claustro

    Real, the Royal Cloister. The monastery has a few stained glass windows dating from 1514.

  4. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The Founder's Chapel contains the marble tombs of King João I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster,...

    Monastery of Batalha: The Founder's Chapel contains the marble tombs of King João I

    and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster, surrounded by the tombs of four of their sons,

    including the tomb of their most famous son Prince Henry the Navigator. The Founder's

    Chapel of the Monastery of Batalha was built between 1426 and 1434. The chapel was

    the first royal mausoleum to be built in Portugal. The chapel is an octagonal structure.

  5. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The sun shines through the glass-stained windows of the Founder's Chapel, the chapel is bathed in...

    Monastery of Batalha: The sun shines through the glass-stained windows of the Founder's

    Chapel, the chapel is bathed in the coloured light of the windows. The glass-stained windows

    creates a beautiful and vibrant palette of colours on the marble tombs of King João I and his

    wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster. The Founder's Chapel was built in a beautiful blend of the

    Flamboyant-Gothic style and the English Gothic style, also known as the Perpendicular style.

  6. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The tomb of Prince Henry the Navigator in the Founder's Chapel. Although he was neither a sailor nor...

    Monastery of Batalha: The tomb of Prince Henry the Navigator in the Founder's Chapel.

    Although he was neither a sailor nor navigator, the Portuguese prince sponsered a great

    deal of voyages of discovery along the west coast of Africa and the Madeira Islands. The

    Founder's Chapel is an octagonal structure with stained glass windows and roofed with

    a star vault, lit by an octagonal lantern.

  7. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha is: The Sala do Capítulo is the Chapter House of the monastery. Soldiers now stand guard at the tomb...

    Monastery of Batalha is: The Sala do Capítulo is the Chapter House of the monastery.

    Soldiers now stand guard at the tomb of two Unknown Soldiers, killed during World War One.

    The square Chapter House is 19 m long on each side. The enormous Gothic vaulted ceiling

    is remarkable for having no central supports, a daring concept at that time. The Portuguese

    name of the Monastery of Batalha is: Mosteiro de Santa Maria da Vitória Batalha.

  8. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batahlha: The colonnettes of the courtyard are decorated with flowers, shells, pearls and spiral motives. The...

    Monastery of Batahlha: The colonnettes of the courtyard are decorated with flowers, shells,

    pearls and spiral motives. The courtyard is surrounded by cloisters, like the King Alfonso V

    Cloister. The Monastery of Batalha is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal and a main

    historic destination in Portugal. The Monastery of Batalha is UNESCO World Heritage.

  9. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The Capelas Imperfeitas, the Unfinished Chapels. The monastery was never completely finished, because in the...

    Monastery of Batalha: The Capelas Imperfeitas, the Unfinished Chapels. The monastery

    was never completely finished, because in the beginning of 16th century the attention of 

    the monarchs of Portugal was fixated to another great masterpiece, the Monastery of the

    Hieronymites in Lisbon, also an UNESCO World Heritage. The Unfinished Chapels were

    never covered with a roof and remain open to the sky until today.