World Heritage Photos

Monastery of Batalha

The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385. The construction started in 1388 and lasted two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha was the main church of the monarchy of Portugal for two centuries. It is built of ochre limestone and decorated with numerous elaborate sculptures. The monastery of Batalha is one of the great masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline styles in Portugal. The English Gothic style, also known as the Perpendicular style, also has influenced the art and architecture of the monastery. The Founder's Chapel was built in 1426-1434, the chapel houses the tombs of King João I, his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster and the tombs of four of their sons, including the tomb of their most famous son Prince Henry the Navigator. The square Chapter House is 19 metres long on each side. The huge Gothic vault of the Chapter House is remarkable for having no central supports, a daring concept at the time. The Monastery of Batalha has a few stained glass windows dating from 1514. The Unfinished Chapels remain as a testimony of the fact that the Monastery of Batalha was never completely finished, because in the beginning of 16th century the attention of the monarchs was fixated to another great masterpiece, the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon. The Monastery of Batalha is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal and a main historic destination in Portugal. The Monastery of Batalha gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

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Monastery of Batalha - The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of...

The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of the masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline styles in Portugal. The construction of the Monastery of Batalha started in 1388 and lasted two centuries. The monastery was the main church of the Portuguese monarchy for two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  1. Monastery of Batalha - The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of...

    The Monastery of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians in 1385.  The Monastery is one of the masterpieces of the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline styles in Portugal. The construction of the Monastery of Batalha started in 1388 and lasted two centuries. The monastery was the main church of the Portuguese monarchy for two centuries. The Monastery of Batalha became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1983.

  2. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The main portal is adorned with statues of the apostles, angels, saints and Old Testament Kings, one of the apostles is...

    Monastery of Batalha: The main portal is adorned with statues of the apostles, angels, saints and Old Testament Kings, one of the apostles is standing on a chained devil. In the center of the tympanum is the figure of God seated on a throne. The main portal is an unique piece of art in the Flamboyant-Gothic and Manueline styles. The Monastery of Batalha was built of limestone from nearby Porto de Mós, the limestone turned pale ochre in the course of time.

  3. Monastery of Batalha - The English Gothic style, the so-called Perpendicular style, has influenced the architecture of the Monastery of Batalha. The Gothic...

    The English Gothic style, the so-called Perpendicular style, has influenced the architecture of the Monastery of Batalha. The Gothic lavabo dates from 1450.  The lavabo has a fountain and two smaller basins above. The lavabo, the cloister fountain, was used for the ceremonial washing of the hands.  The sculpted lavabo is situated in the northwestern corner of the Claustro Real, the Royal Cloister. The monastery has a few stained glass windows dating from 1514.

  4. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The Founder's Chapel contains the marble tombs of King João I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster,...

    Monastery of Batalha: The Founder's Chapel contains the marble tombs of King João I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster, surrounded by the tombs of four of their sons, including the tomb of their most famous son Prince Henry the Navigator. The Founder's Chapel was built between 1426 and 1434. The chapel was the first royal mausoleum to be built in Portugal. The Founder's Chapel is octagonal in shape.

  5. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The sun shines through the glass-stained windows of the Founder's Chapel, the chapel is bathed in the...

    Monastery of Batalha: The sun shines through the glass-stained windows of the Founder's Chapel, the chapel is bathed in the coloured light of the windows. The glass-stained windows creates a beautiful and vibrant palette of colours on the marble tombs of King João I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster. The Founder's Chapel was built in a beautiful blend of the Flamboyant-Gothic style and the English Gothic style, also known as the Perpendicular style.

  6. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The sculpted tomb of Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) is situated in the Founder's Chapel. Although he...

    Monastery of Batalha: The sculpted tomb of Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) is situated in the Founder's Chapel. Although he was neither a sailor nor navigator, the Portuguese prince sponsered a great deal of voyages of discovery along the west coast of Africa and the Madeira Islands. The Founder's Chapel is an octagonal structure with stained glass windows and roofed with a star vault, lit by an octagonal lantern.

  7. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha is: The Sala do Capítulo is the Chapter House of the monastery. Now, soldiers stand guard at the tomb of two...

    Monastery of Batalha is: The Sala do Capítulo is the Chapter House of the monastery. Now, soldiers stand guard at the tomb of two Unknown Soldiers, killed in World War One. The square Chapter House is 19 metres long on each side. The gigantic Gothic vaulted ceiling is remarkable for having no central supports, a very daring concept at the time. The Portuguese name of the Monastery of Batalha is: Mosteiro de Santa Maria da Vitória Batalha.

  8. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batahlha: The colonnettes of the courtyard are decorated with flowers, shells, pearls and spiral motives. The courtyard is...

    Monastery of Batahlha: The colonnettes of the courtyard are decorated with flowers, shells, pearls and spiral motives. The courtyard is surrounded by cloisters, such as the King Alfonso V Cloister. The Monastery of Batalha is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal and a main historic destination in Portugal. The Monastery of Batalha is UNESCO World Heritage.

  9. Monastery of Batalha - Monastery of Batalha: The Unfinished Chapels, Capelas Imperfeitas. The Unfinished Chapels were never covered with a roof and remain open to...

    Monastery of Batalha: The Unfinished Chapels, Capelas Imperfeitas. The Unfinished Chapels were never covered with a roof and remain open to the sky until today. The Monastery of Batalha was never completely finished, because in the beginning of 16th century the attention of the monarchs of Portugal was fixated to another great masterpiece, the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon, also an UNESCO World Heritage.