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Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: Ravenna has an unique collection of early Christian mosaics and monuments, most of the early Christian monuments were constructed in the 5th and 6th centuries. Ravenna was the seat of the Roman Empire in the 5th century. In the 6th century the Ostrogothic King Theodoric had his favourite residences in Ravenna, Pavia and Verona. Ravenna was the seat of Byzantine Italy until the 8th century. Ravenna developed into an important centre of Christian art and culture. Galla Placidia, wife of the Roman Emperor Constantius III, was a fervent Christian, she was involved in the building and restoration of several churches in Ravenna. The Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna are adorned with breathtaking mosaics. The eight Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, built in 425-450; the Neonian Baptistery, built in 458; the Arian Baptistery, built in 500; the Archiepiscopal Chapel, built in 500; the Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, built in 504; the Mausoleum of Theodoric, built in 520 just outside Ravenna; the Basilica of San Vitale, built in 526-547 and the Basilica Sant'Apollinare in Classe, built in 549. The mosaics of the San Vitale and the mosaics of the Euphrasian Basilica in Croatia are among the most magnificent Byzantine art in Europe. The Palatine Chapel of the Aachen Cathedral was inspired by the San Vitale in Ravenna and the duomo in Florence also was based on the San Vitale. The Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna were declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

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Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale. The ceiling of the apse is adorned with Byzantine mosaics in green and...

Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale.

The ceiling of the apse is adorned with Byzantine mosaics in green and gold. The San Vitale

in Ravenna was built on the site where the Saint Vitalis was martyred and then buried alive.

The Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  1. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale. The ceiling of the apse is adorned with Byzantine mosaics in green and...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale.

    The ceiling of the apse is adorned with Byzantine mosaics in green and gold. The San Vitale

    in Ravenna was built on the site where the Saint Vitalis was martyred and then buried alive.

    The Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  2. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale is a domed church in the Byzantine style. The church has an octogonal plan....

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica of San Vitale is a domed church

    in the Byzantine style. The church has an octogonal plan. The Basilica of San Vitale is

    adorned with spectacular with Byzantine mosaics. The Palatine Chapel of the Aachen

    Cathedral was inspired by the San Vitale in Ravenna.

  3. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Neonian Baptistery is also known as the Orthodox Baptistery. The octagonal baptistery was built in...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Neonian Baptistery is also known

    as the Orthodox Baptistery. The octagonal baptistery was built in the 5th century.

    The baptistery is constructed of brick. In the centre of the cupola of the Neonian

    Baptistery (Battistero Neoniano) is a magnificent mosaic.

  4. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The 5th century dome mosaic of the Neonian Baptistery (Battistero Neoniano). The Neonian Baptistery is...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The 5th century dome mosaic of the Neonian

    Baptistery (Battistero Neoniano). The Neonian Baptistery is also known as Orthodox

    Baptistery. The octagonal baptistery was built in the 5th century, the mosaic depicts

    the Baptism of Christ by John the Baptist in the River Jordan. The Neonian Baptistery

    is part of the UNESCO World Heritage: Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna.

  5. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia was built 425-450, it is one of the oldest Early Christian Monuments in Ravenna. The mausoleum is adorned...

    The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia was built 425-450, it is one of the oldest Early Christian

    Monuments in Ravenna. The mausoleum is adorned with mosaics. Ravenna was the seat

    of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and of Byzantine Italy until the 8th century.Ravenna

    developed into an important centre of Christian art and culture. The Mausoleum of Galla

    Placidia is part of the UNESCO World Heritage: Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna.

  6. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia has alabaster windows. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna is...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia has

    alabaster windows. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna is known for its

    breathtaking mosaics. The mausoleum was probably built as an oratory. There is

    doubt whether the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia served as the tomb.

  7. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is adorned with Byzantine mosaics. Galla Placidia...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is adorned

    with Byzantine mosaics. Galla Placidia was the wife of Roman Emperor Constantius III,

    she was a fervent Christian. Galla Placidia was involved in the building and restoration

    of several churches in and around Ravenna.

  8. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The tower of the Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo. The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo was...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The tower of the Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo.

    The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo was built around 500 AD as an Arian Cathedral and

    dedicated to Christ. It was consecrated into a Catholic church in 561. The basilica was

    named after the first bishop of Ravenna. The Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

    were declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 1996.

  9. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is adorned with an early 6th century mosaic on the two side...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is adorned

    with an early 6th century mosaic on the two side walls. The row top of the mosaics depict

    scenes of the life of Christ. The halo around the head of Christ in each scene is almost

    certainly a Catholic addition.The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is one of the most important

    buildings from this period in European religious art. The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in

    Ravenna is part of the UNESCO World Heritage: Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna.

  10. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo. The apse with Roman columns and an altar dating from the 16th...

    Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna: The Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo.

    The apse with Roman columns and an altar dating from the 16th and 18th centuries.

    The apse of the Basilica Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna was originally covered with

    mosaics like the walls, but these were removed during the 16th century renovations.

  11. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - The Arian Baptistery (Battistero degli Ariani)  was built in 500 AD. The Arian Baptistery has an octogonal plan and four small...

    The Arian Baptistery (Battistero degli Ariani)  was built in 500 AD. The Arian Baptistery

    has an octogonal plan and four small apses. Nothing remains of the mosaics that once

    covered the walls, the dome still contains a mosaic: The Baptism of Christ surrounded

    by the twelve apostles. The Arian Baptistery was converted into a Catholic church in 540,

    when the Byzantine Empire took Ravenna, bringing Arianism in Italy to an end. The Arian

    Baptistery, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage: Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna.

  12. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna - The tomb of Dante in Ravenna. Dante was exiled from Florence and he moved to Ravenna, where he died in 1321. Florence came to regret the...

    The tomb of Dante in Ravenna. Dante was exiled from Florence and he moved to

    Ravenna, where he died in 1321. Florence came to regret the exile of the famous

    Dante and made many requests for the return of his remains. Ravenna refused.

    Nevertheless a tomb was built for Dante in the Santa Croce in Florence, but Dante's

    tomb in Florence has been empty ever since, his body rests in this tomb in Ravenna.