World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of Guimãraes

Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The town of Guimãraes is situated in the Braga District in the north of Portugal, 57 km northeast of Porto. Guimãraes is regarded as the birth place of the country. Guimãraes played an important role in the formation of Portugal in the 12th century. Afonso Henriques, the first king of Portugal was born here in 1106. Guimãraes also was the first capital city of Portugal before it was moved to Coimbra. The historic centre of Guimãraes is known for its medieval building techniques. The Praça de Santiago and the Largo da Oliveira, two pittoresque town squares in the historic centre of Guimãraes, are surrounded by the medieval buildings of the Guimãraes. The most important monuments in Guimãraes are Guimãraes Castle, the birth house of Afonso Henriques, the later King Afonso I of Portugal, and the Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, situated on top of Monte Latito and surrounded by a forested park, the palace is situated in the heart of Guimãraes. Several other monuments in the city are the 16th century Convent of Santa Clara, now the Town Hall of Guimãraes, and the collegiate church Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, designated as a National Monument of Portugal. The Historic Centre of Guimãraes was declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2001.

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Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Padrão do Salado in the Largo da Oliveira, the Olive Square. The Padrão do Salado is a...

Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Padrão do Salado in the Largo da Oliveira, the Olive Square.

The Padrão do Salado is a Gothic canopy shrine, it was raised in 1340 to commemorate the

Portuguese succes at the Battle of Salado. The shrine is covering a Norman cross, it is situated

in front of the Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, the Church of Our Lady of the Olive Tree.

  1. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Padrão do Salado in the Largo da Oliveira, the Olive Square. The Padrão do Salado is a...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Padrão do Salado in the Largo da Oliveira, the Olive Square.

    The Padrão do Salado is a Gothic canopy shrine, it was raised in 1340 to commemorate the

    Portuguese succes at the Battle of Salado. The shrine is covering a Norman cross, it is situated

    in front of the Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, the Church of Our Lady of the Olive Tree.

  2. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, the Church of Our Lady of the Olive Tree. The church was built on...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, the Church of Our Lady

    of the Olive Tree. The church was built on the site of a convent. The church was dedicated to

    Our Lady of the Olive Tree in the 14th century. An olive tree was planted in front of the church

    to provide oil for the altar lamp of the church. The church has a Manueline bell tower.

  3. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: A fountain in the Jardim do Carmo, the Carmel Garden. The small garden is situated in...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: A fountain in the Jardim do Carmo, the Carmel Garden.

    The small garden is situated in front of the Nossa Senhora do Carmo, the Church of Our Lady

    of Carmel, a small convent church built in the Baroque style. The Jardim do Carmo is a quiet

    park in the historic centre of Guimãraes.

  4. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança is situated on top of the Monte Latito. The 15th century...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança is situated on top of the

    Monte Latito. The 15th century palace is situated in the heart of Guimãraes and surrounded

    by a forested park. One of the wings of the palace is an official residence of the President of

    the Republic Portugal.

  5. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The interior of the Palace of the Dukes of Bragança contains collections of furniture,...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The interior of the Palace of the Dukes of Bragança contains

    collections of furniture, tapestries, carpets, ceramics and weaponry, some of the furniture

    was made in the former colonies of Portugal and some of the ceramic objects acquired in

    China by the Portuguese East India Company. Today, the palace is a museum.

  6. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, the impressive wooden roof of the Banqueting Hall. The...

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, the impressive wooden

    roof of the Banqueting Hall. The medieval palace is the former residence of the first Dukes of

    Bragança, it fell into dispair after the 16th century when the duke moved to Vila Viçosa. In the

    beginning of the 20th century, the palace was restored to its former glory.

  7. Historic Centre of Guimãraes - Historic Centre of Guimãraes: Guimãraes Castle was built in the 10th century and enlarged and strengthened in the 12th century....

    Historic Centre of Guimãraes: Guimãraes Castle was built in the 10th century and enlarged

    and strengthened in the 12th century. The keep was constructed in the 13th century. Afonso

    Henriques, the first king of Portugal, was born in this castle in 1106. The Igreja de São Miguel

    do Castelo, the church were he was baptised, is situated in the vicinity of the castle.