World Heritage Photos

Fortifications of Vauban

The Fortifications of Vauban consists of twelve groups of fortified buildings along the borders of France. The fortifications were designed by Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, the chief military engineer of King Louis XIV. Vauban designed and built fortified towns, citadels, urban bastions, walls and bastion towers. He also built sea forts and mountain forts.Vauban also improved several other fortifications in France and other countries, such as the casemates of the City of Luxembourg during the French occupation in the 17th century. Vauban played an important role in the history of fortification in Europe and other continents, the fortifications of Vauban were copied and used in the Western military architecture until the middle of the 19th century. Vauban was the most important military engineer the 17th century. The Fortifications of Vauban gained status of an UNESCO World Heritage in 2008.

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Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, is the main gate into the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were...

Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, is the main gate into the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were designed by the military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban. He designed bastion towers, citadels, fortified towns, mountain and sea forts, urban bastions and walls, he also improved other fortifications in France and other countries. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban were declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2008.

  1. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, is the main gate into the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, is the main gate into the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were designed by the military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban. He designed bastion towers, citadels, fortified towns, mountain and sea forts, urban bastions and walls, he also improved other fortifications in France and other countries. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban were declared an UNESCO World Heritage in 2008.

  2. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy passed in and out of French hands throughout the 17th century. In 1679, by the Treaties of...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy passed in and out of French hands throughout the 17th century. In 1679, by the Treaties of Nijmegen between the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and France, Longwy became French. King Louis XIV ordered Sébastien Vauban to build a new fortified city in Longwy. Longwy became a key defence post opposite the impressive fortresses of Luxembourg, at that time in Spanish hands.

  3. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy, the ville neuve. Longwy is situated in the north of France, on the border with Belgium and...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy, the ville neuve. Longwy is situated in the north of France, on the border with Belgium and Luxembourg. The fortifications had two gates, they are of hexagonal shape, having a perimeter of 2,300 metres. The fortifications endured four sieges, the last one in 1914, at the beginneng of World War I. The fortifications of Longwy are part of the UNESCO World Heritage: Fortifications of Vauban.

  4. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, of the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were partly destroyed...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France, the Gateway of France, of the Citadel of Longwy. The fortifications were partly destroyed during World War I, four bastions, a military bakery, a water well, parts of the walls and the Porte de France have been preserved. The other gate of Longwy, Porte de Bourgogne, was destroyed during World War I. The fortifications of Vauban were copied and used in Western military architecture until the middle of the 19th century.

  5. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France into the Citadel of Longwy. The Fortifications of Vauban are a series of fortified...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France into the Citadel of Longwy. The Fortifications of Vauban are a series of fortified buildings along the borders of France. Longwy is one of the cities that was built by the chief military engineer of the French King Louis XIV, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban. He was the most important military engineer of his time, he also built the casemates of the City of Luxembourg during the French occupation in the 17th century.

  6. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The siege well in the Citadel of Longwy is located in the central square of the city. Now, the...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The siege well in the Citadel of Longwy is located in the central square of the city. Now, the building houses a Tourist Office. Longwy was built according to a geometric plan, like a chess-board. The main north-south axis is leading to the central square of Longwy. This square was the parade ground or the assembly point for the soldiers. The Fortifications of Vauban gained status of an UNESCO World Heritage in 2008.

  7. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban are listed as an UNESCO World Heritage, five of them...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Citadel of Longwy. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban are listed as an UNESCO World Heritage, five of them are: Arras, the citadel; Besançon, the citadel, city walls and Fort Griffon; Blaye, the citadel, city walls, Fort Paté, Fort Médoc in Cussac-Fort-Médoc; Briançon, the walls, Redoute des Salettes, Fort Dauphin, Fort des Trois-Têtes, Fort du Randouillet, ouvrage de la communication Y and Asfeld Bridge; Camaret-sur-Mer, the Tour Dorée and Tour Vauban.

  8. Fortifications of Vauban - Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France into the Citadel of Longwy. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban are listed...

    Fortifications of Vauban: The Porte de France into the Citadel of Longwy. Twelve Fortifications of Vauban are listed as an UNESCO World Heritage, seven of them: Longwy, ville neuve, the citadel; Mont-Dauphin, place forte (stronghold ); Mont-Louis, the citadel and city walls; Neuf-Brisach, the citadel, gateway of the Rhine; Saint-Martin-de-Ré, city walls and citadel; Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue / Tatihou, the watchtowers; Villefranche-de- Conflent, the city walls, Fort Libéria and Cova Bastera.