World Heritage Photos

Historic Centre of Florence

Historic Centre of Florence: Florence is the symbol of the Ranaissance. Florence is located about 50 km from San Gimignano about 70 km from Siena. Siena was the major rival of Florence in the 13th century. The Medici family ruled Florence between 1434 - 1737. Then Florence was under the rule of Austria until it became part of Italy in 1861. Florence was one of the most important cities in Europe in the 14th to the 16th centuries, the period of Renaissance. Artistic masterpieces can be found in the historic centre of Florence, the birthplace of the Renaissance. Some of the most outstanding monuments in the historic centre of Florence: The 13th century Cathedral of Florence Santa Maria del Fiore. The dome of the cathedral was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, at that time the largest dome in the world. The freestanding bell tower of the Cathedral of Florence was designed by Giotto. The Basilica Santa Croce is the burial place of some of the most famous Italians. A tomb was built for Dante in the Santa Croce, but the tomb is empty. Dante was exiled from Florence and moved to Ravenna, after his death in 1321 he was buried in Ravenna. The Uffizi Gallery is one of the oldest and famous museums of art in the Western World, it houses priceless works of art, among them masterpieces of Botticelli, Giotto, Caravaggio, Donatello and Michelangelo. Dante was born in Florence, his birth house still exists. Michelangelo lived in Florence, Casa Buonarroti houses some early works of Michelangelo. The Ponte Vecchio is one of the icons of Florence and one of the most famous bridges in the world. The Historic Centre of Florence gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1982.

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Historic Centre of Florence - The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest and most famous bridge of Florence. The bridge spans the Arno River. The Ponte Vecchio is lined on both sides...

The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest and most famous bridge of Florence. The bridge spans

the Arno River. The Ponte Vecchio is lined on both sides with jewellery and goldsmiths'

shops. In 1565, Giorgio Vasari built the Vasari Corridor, a secret passageway that joins

the Uffizi Gallery to the Pitti Palace, the corridor passes the Ponte Vecchio on top of the

shops. The Historic Centre of Florence became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1982.

  1. Historic Centre of Florence - The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest and most famous bridge of Florence. The bridge spans the Arno River. The Ponte Vecchio is lined on both sides...

    The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest and most famous bridge of Florence. The bridge spans

    the Arno River. The Ponte Vecchio is lined on both sides with jewellery and goldsmiths'

    shops. In 1565, Giorgio Vasari built the Vasari Corridor, a secret passageway that joins

    the Uffizi Gallery to the Pitti Palace, the corridor passes the Ponte Vecchio on top of the

    shops. The Historic Centre of Florence became an UNESCO World Heritage in 1982.

  2. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The dome of the Florence Cathedral was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The dome was the largest dome in the...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The dome of the Florence Cathedral was designed by Filippo

    Brunelleschi. The dome was the largest dome in the world until the 19th century, it is still

    the world's largest brick and mortar dome. The frescoes inside the dome are by Giorgio

    Vasari. After the death of Vasari in 1574, Federico Zuccaro completed the frescoes in 1579.

    Filippo Brunelleschi was buried in the crypt of the Florence Cathedral.

  3. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Florence Cathedral is dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore. The cathedral was built in the Gothic style. The...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Florence Cathedral is dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore.

    The cathedral was built in the Gothic style. The construction started in 1296. The exterior

    walls of the Florence Cathedral are faced with marble. The niches houses statues of the

    twelve apostles, in the middle is a statue of Mary with Child. The three huge bronze doors

    date from 1899-1903, they are decorated with scenes of the life of Mary.

  4. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Giotto's bell tower is part of the Florence Cathedral. The Giotto's bell tower is a free-standing...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Giotto's bell tower is part of the Florence Cathedral.

    The Giotto's bell tower is a free-standing tower. The walls of the Giotto's bell tower

    and the walls of the Florence Cathedral are faced with green, white and pink marble.

    The cathedral complex includes also a baptistery, the Florence Baptistery.

  5. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The 16th century marble mosaic floor of Florence Cathedral. The meaning of the emblem of OPA, the organization...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The 16th century marble mosaic floor of Florence Cathedral.

    The meaning of the emblem of OPA, the organization that was founded to oversee the 

    construction of the cathedral was called Opera del Duomo (works on the Duomo), also

    known as the OPA. The Historic Centre of Florence is an UNESCO World Heritage.

  6. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Florence Baptistery has the status of a minor basilica. The octagonal baptistery is one of the oldest...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Florence Baptistery has the status of a minor basilica.

    The octagonal baptistery is one of the oldest buildings in the Florence, it was built in the

    period 1059-1128 in the Florentine Romanesque style.The octagonal dome is decorated

    with Byzantine style mosaics. The mosaics depict the Last Judgement. Members of the

    Medici family and the Italian poet Dante were baptized in this baptistery.

  7. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Basilica di Santa Croce, the Basilica of the Holy Cross. The Neo-Gothic marble façade dates from...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Basilica di Santa Croce, the Basilica of the Holy Cross.

    The Neo-Gothic marble façade dates from 1857-1863, it was designed by the architect

    Niccolo Matas, he wanted to be buried in the church, but because he was Jewish, he was

    buried under the threshold. The Santa Croce is the burial place of some of the most famous

    Italians, such as Michelangelo, Niccolò Machiavelli, Galileo Galilei and Gioachino Rossini.

  8. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Basilica of Santa Croce houses the empty tomb of the poet Dante, his body rests in a tomb in Ravenna. Dante...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Basilica of Santa Croce houses the empty tomb of the

    poet Dante, his body rests in a tomb in Ravenna. Dante was exiled from Florence and

    moved to Ravenna, after his death in 1321 he was buried in Ravenna. Florence came

    to regret the exile of Dante and made requests for the return of his remains. Ravenna

    refused, his body still rests in Ravenna. See also the World Heritage Photos of Ravenna.

  9. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The tomb of Galileo Galilei in the Basilica of Santa Croce. The Santa Croce is also famous for its sixteen...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The tomb of Galileo Galilei in the Basilica of Santa Croce.

    The Santa Croce is also famous for its sixteen chapels, most of them were decorated

    with frescoes by Giotto and his pupils. The Santa Croce is also called the Temple of

    the Italian Glories, because it was the burial place of some of the most famous Italians.

  10. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The tomb of Machiavelli in the Basilica di Santa Croce. The Basilica di Santa Croce is the largest...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The tomb of Machiavelli in the Basilica di Santa Croce.

    The Basilica di Santa Croce is the largest Franciscan church in the world. The Santa

    Croce is a minor basilica on the Piazza di Santa Croce. The construction of the church

    started in 1294. The façade was replaced in the 19th century.

  11. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Uffizi Gallery is an U-shaped building, the gallery was designed by Giorgio Vasari and built in...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Uffizi Gallery is an U-shaped building, the gallery was

    designed by Giorgio Vasari and built in 1560-1580. The Uffizi Gallery was ordered by

    Cosimo I de' Medici. The Uffizi Gallery is located nearby the Palazzo Vecchio, in front

    of the palace stands a copy of the David of Michelangelo. The Galleria dell' Accademia

    houses the original David, probably the most famous statue in the world.

  12. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: A long queue in front of the Uffizi Gallery. The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most visited art museums in the...

    Historic Centre of Florence: A long queue in front of the Uffizi Gallery. The Uffizi Gallery is

    one of the most visited art museums in the world. The museum houses a large collection

    of paintings and artworks, such as the Birth of Venus by Botticelli, Bacchus by Caravaggio,

    Madonna of the Goldfinch by Raphael and Doni Tondo (Holy Family) by Michelangelo.

  13. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: The Battle of the Centaurs. The Casa Buonarroti houses early work of Michelangelo, among them the Battle of the...

    Historic Centre of Florence: The Battle of the Centaurs. The Casa Buonarroti houses

    early work of Michelangelo, among them the Battle of the Centaurs and the Madonna

    of the Steps. The Michelangelo House, the Casa Buonarroti, houses also the archive

    of the Buonarroti family and some of the letters and drawings of Michelangelo.

  14. Historic Centre of Florence - Historic Centre of Florence: Dante Alighieri was born in this house in 1265. Very little remain of the original Dante's Home, the Casa di...

    Historic Centre of Florence: Dante Alighieri was born in this house in 1265. Very little

    remain of the original Dante's Home, the Casa di Dante, it is a reconstruction of the

    original birth house of Dante. Today, it houses is a museum, dedicated to the works of

    Dante, such as his most famous work La Divina Commedia. Dante is considered the

    father of the Italian language.

  15. Historic Centre of Florence - The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest bridge of Florence, a well known symbol of the city.  After being destroyed by a flood in 1117, and...

    The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest bridge of Florence, a well known symbol of the city. 

    After being destroyed by a flood in 1117, and again in 1333, it was rebuilt in 1345.

    The Torre dei Mannelli is the only surviving of the four towers which were built to

    defend the bridge. The Torre dei Mannelli is situated at the southeast of the bridge.

    The Historic Centre of Florence gained status as an UNESCO World Heritage in 1982.